NOG -Effectiveness of opposition

pink -A2

red - A3

orange - N2

yellow - PG

green - Lenin

l blue - Stalin

d blue - Khrushchev

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  • Effectiveness of opposition
    • Little organised opposition to A2 BUT is assassinated by small group – peoples will.
    • With industrialisation & urbanisation – opposition groups more organised
      • SR’s,SD’s & Kadets have different agendas.
      • Post 1905 moderates are givenrepresentation in dumas – splits opposition movements.
    • WW1 exacerbates political opposition.
      • Tsar’s personal reputation undermined bygoing to front line (Rasputin & Tsarina).
      • Elites abandon tsar & ‘Progressive Bloc’ willcreate PG after February Revolution.
    • Petrograd Soviet effective in restricting PG
      • military control & soviet order #1.
    • Bolsheviks success due to ‘Kornilov Affair’
      • PG (and coalition) politically bankrupt.
    • Huge but disorganised opposition in Civil War.
      • Bolsheviks have Red Army, united political vision, industrial areas & can centralise economic/political power.
    • Stalin faces growing opposition in 1930s
      • uses terror and modernisation (5YP & collectivisation) to destroy organised opposition.
    • Khrushchev inherits little popular opposition
      • but political elites in own party willgrow during de-Stalinisation process.


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