Educational policy in Britain before 1988

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  • Educational policy in Britain before 1988
    • Selection: the tripartite system
      • children selected and allocated to 1 of 3 secondary schools based on aptitudes and abilities
      • abilities identified by 11+ exams
      • grammar schools: offered academic curriculum and access to non manual jobs. For pupils who passed 11+ exams, mainly middle class
      • secondary modern school: offered non academic 'practical' curriculum and access to manual work. For pupils who failed 11+ exams, mainly working class
      • technical schools only existed in few areas
      • reproduced class inequality by channeling 2 classes into different schools
    • The comprehensive school system
      • aimed to overcome class divide and make education meritocratic
      • 11+ exams abolished along with grammar schools and secondary moderns.
      • comprehensive schools that all pupils within the area would attend
      • local education authority decided whether to 'go comprehensive' so grammar-secondary modern divide still exists
      • functionalist view
        • promote social integration by bringing children of all classes together
        • more meritocratic as gives longer to develop abilities
      • Marxist view
        • reproduces class inequality through streaming

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