Devlopment of Education

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  • Education; Development
    • Miriam David 1993: 3 phases
      • Ed prior to 1944
      • Ed 1944-1987
      • Ed 1988+
    • P1: Prior to 1944
      • prior 1870 wealthy educated private tutors/ pay 4 school
      • Industrialisation; school comp for all till age 10
      • School type dependant on social class.
    • P2: 1944-88
      • Education shaped by meritocracy
        • Meritocracy
          • idea: individuals achieve according to own efforts not social background
        • Tripartite system 1945 up to age 15
          • 3 types of school: Grammar, secondary modern + technical.
          • 11+ 20% grammar
          • 'Parity of esteem'
            • equal status, different schools - diff intelligence
    • CRITISMS OF TRIPARTITE
      • Late developers
      • biased towards middle class
      • no exams secondary modern 'equal'
    • Comprehensive  ED
      • Abolished 11+
      • All pupils in 1 area attend same school
      • remove academic failure age 11
      • introduced; england + wales 1965 through 1970

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