Global Development - Education

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  • Created by: Harry
  • Created on: 08-06-14 12:49
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  • Education
    • Modernisation Theory
      • Should be universal; poor world should follow the model of Western meritocratic systems.
      • Should play a vocational role to help overcome economic barriers. Durkheim/Parsons: Sort workers by ability into appropriate jobs.
      • Shultz/Becker: Investment in industrial tech and infrastructure must be accompanied by investment in human expertise: equipment loses value over time, but education gains value.
      • Knowledge of superstition and folklore is shifted towards more rational, scientific thought.
        • Hoselitz: Meritocracy transmits values of individualism, competition and achievement.
    • People-Centered Approaches
      • Education should serve the needs of the people. Without basic skills, individuals can be exploited (land ownership being formalised in written contracts.
      • Western system isn't appropriate to local contexts; destroying indigenous cultures.
      • 'Improved not replaced'; build on existing education provision, to maintain local contexts.
    • Neoliberalism
      • Critical of any state provision of public services = raises taxation + undermines development.
        • Discourages entrepreneurialism by reducing rewards.
        • Creates conditions which are less attractive to TNC's.
      • Advocate opening public services to the private sector; Provides services more efficiently without tax burden.
    • Dependency Theory
      • Colonialism left education systems of the majority world stunted.
      • Education systems were allowed to exist in order to manipulate local populations by buying off elites with free education.
      • Debt has hindered the majority world's ability to invest in education, imposition of STP's has forced cut backs on public spending.

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