Education

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  • Education
    • Role of Education
      • New Right
        • Chubb & Moe: state school competition raises standards and the national curriculum should affirm national identity
          • 2 roles for the state
      • Functionalist
        • Durkheim: social cohesion, society in miniature, specialist skills
        • Parsons: A bridge between home and wider society, competition creates meritocracy
        • Davis & Moore: role allocation, sifting and sorting
      • Marxists
        • Althusser: ISA, reproduces and legitimises class inequalities, secondary socialisation, norms and values of the ruling elite
        • Bowles & Gintis: correspondence principle, mirror the hierarchy of society and work, the hidden curriculum
    • Class
      • External factors
        • Cultural deprivation
          • Intellectual development
          • Bernstien: Elaborated and restricted language codes
          • Attitudes and values
            • Fatalism
            • Collectivism
            • Immediate gratification
            • Present-time orientation
            • Habitas
        • Material deprivation
          • Poverty (professor Greene documentary)
          • Housing
          • Diet and health
          • Financial support and the cost of education
        • Cultural capital theory
          • Cultural capital
          • Economic capital
          • Educational capital
          • Marketisation and parental choice (Gewirtz)
            • Skilled choosers
            • Semi-skilled choosers
            • Local choosers
      • Internal factors
        • Labelling
        • Self-fulfilling prophecy
        • Banding and streaming
        • Differentiation and polarisation
        • Pupil responses
        • Marketisation and selection policies
    • Ethnicity
      • Internal factors
        • Labelling and teacher racism
        • Black pupils and discipline
        • Pupil identities
        • Pupil responses and subcultures
          • Example: Fuller's girls
        • The ethnocentric curriculum
        • Individualism and institutional racism
      • External factors
        • Cultural deprivation
          • Intellectual and linguistic skills:
            • Second language speakers
          • Attitudes and values
            • Value of education
          • Family structure and parental support
        • Material deprivation
        • Racism in wider society
      • Racist teacher types
        • Colour blind
        • Liberal chauvinist
        • Overt racist
    • Gender
      • Internal factors
        • Girls
          • GIST and WISE policies
          • Equal opportunities acts
          • Early role models
          • GCSEs and coursework
          • Positive labelling
          • Positive teacher attention
          • Selection & league tables
        • Boys
          • Lower expectations
          • Lack of role models
          • Negative labelliing
          • Negative teacher attention
          • Moral panic surrounding working class boys
          • Feminisation of education
      • External factors
        • Girls
          • Impact of feminism
          • Changes in the family
          • Changes in women's work
          • Girls' changing ambitions
        • Boys
          • Masculinity challenged
          • Lack of traditionally male jobs
          • Lack of clear roles and identities
      • Pupils' sexual gender identities
        • Double standards
        • Verbal abuse
        • Male gaze
        • Male peer groups
        • Female peer groups
        • Teachers and discipline
      • Subject choice
        • Gender role socialisation
        • Gender domains
        • Gendered subject images
        • Single sex schooling
        • Gender identity and peer pressure
        • Gendered career opportunities
    • Types of pupil identities
      • The ideal pupil
      • The pathologized pupil
      • The demonised pupil
    • Pupil responses (Woods)
      • Intigration
      • Ritualism
      • Retreatism
      • Rebellion
    • Government and policies
      • Marketisation and selection policies
        • Educational triage
          • Non-urgent cases
          • Under-achievers
          • Hopeless cases
        • A-C economies
        • Cream skimming and silt sifting
          • Gilbourn and Youdell
      • Banding & streaming
        • High - low level knowledge
        • Difficulty accessing the curriculum
      • Differentiation & polarisation
        • Teachers giving students different work
        • Pro- and anti-school subcultures
      • Coalition government (2010-2015)
        • New-style academies
        • Free schools
        • Pupil premium
        • The English Baccalaureate
        • Reformation of the national curriculum
        • Reformation of the examination system
        • Increased university tuition fees
      • Labour government (Blair)
        • Academies
        • Free childcare for pre-schoolers
        • Excellence in cities
        • Student university fees
        • More specialist schools
        • Stricter OFSTED
      • 1988 Education Reform Act
        • Marketisation of state education
        • Formula funding
        • Parental choice
        • National curriculum and testing
        • League tables
        • OFSTED
        • Increased school competition
      • Comprehensive schooling (1970s)
        • Reduction of class inequalities in education
        • Not an act
      • The tripartite system
        • 1944 education reform act
        • Grammar
        • Technical
        • Secondary modern
        • Untitled

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