Education

  • Created by: Tee629
  • Created on: 15-03-19 21:57
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  • Education
    • Functions of education
      • Functionalism
        • Promoting social solidarity (Durkheim)
        • Preparing young people for work and teaching specialist skills (Durkheim)
        • Role allocation (Davis and Moore)
        • Socialisation and meritocracy (Parsons)
      • New right
        • Believes education is not fulfilling its roles because it is being run by the state
        • Issues with a state-run education system
          • Lower standards
          • One size fits all
        • Marketization will improve standards in schools and encourage choice and competition
        • Voucher system (Chubb and Moe)
        • Roles for the state
          • Impose a shared national curriculum
          • Create a framework for competition between schools
      • Marxism
        • The 'myth of meritocracy' (Bowles and Gintis)
        • Producing an obedient and submissive workforce for capitalist society (Bowles and Ginits)
        • An alternative Marxist view (Paul Willis)
        • Education as an ideological state apparatus (Althusser)
          • Legitimation
          • Reproduction
      • Feminism
        • Education reinforces gender inequality and the patriarchy
        • Education disadvantages girls through the hidden curriculum (Heaton and Lawson)
          • Colonisation of subjects
          • Textbooks
          • Respect for male subjects
        • Feminist solutions to gender inequalities in schools
          • Liberal feminists- changing policies
          • Radical feminists- same sex schools
          • Marxist feminists- economic changes
    • Gender and education
      • Why do girls do better than boys? (internal)
        • Equal opportunities policies (Jo Boaler)
        • Positive role models in schools
        • Coursework (Mitsos and Browne)
        • Challenging stereotypes in the curriculum
      • Why do girls do better than boys (external)
        • The impact of feminism (McRobbie)
        • Changes in women's employment
        • Changes in the family
        • Girls' changing ambitions (Sue Sharpe)
      • Why do boys do worse than girls?
        • Poor literacy skills
        • Globalisation and the decline in traditional male jobs (Mitsos and Browne)
        • The feminisation of education (Sewell)
        • Shortage of male teachers
        • 'Laddish' subcultures (Epstein)
      • Explanations for gndered subject choices
        • Gender role socialization
        • Gendered subject images (Kelly)
        • Peer pressure (Alison Dewar)
        • Gendered career opportunities
      • How schooling shapes gender and sexual identities
        • Double standards (Sue Lees)
        • Verbal abuse (Connell)
        • The male gaze (Mac an Ghaill)
        • Male peer groups (Mac an Ghaill)
        • Teachers (Haywood and Mac an Ghaill)
        • Female peer groups 'policing identities' (Ringrose)
    • Ethnicity and education
      • ethnic differences in achievement (external)
        • Cultural deprivation
          • Cultural resistance (Pryce)
          • Attitudes and values (Sugarman)
          • Lack of intellectual and linguistic skills (Bereiter and Engelman)
          • The Asian work ethic
          • Dysfunctional families
            • lone parent mothers (Moynihan)
            • Absent fathers (Murray)
            • Lack of fatherly nurturing and gangs (Sewell)
          • less support from white working class parents (lLupton)
        • Material deprivation (Guy Palmer)
        • Racism in wider society (Wood et al)
      • ethnic differences in achievement (internal)
        • Labelling and teacher stereotypes
          • Asian stereotypes (Wright)
          • 'Racialised expectations' (Gillborn and Youdell)
          • Pupil identities (Archer)
        • Pupil responses to labelling
          • Black females and racism  (Mirza)
          • Black male responses (Sewell)
        • Institutional racism (Gillborn)
          • Marketisation
          • The ethnocentric curriculum (Troyna and Willliams, Ball)
          • Assessment
    • Class and education
      • class differences in achievement (external)
        • Cultural deprivation
          • Parental attitudes (Douglas)
          • Parenting style)
          • Speech codes (Bernstein)
          • Language (Feinstein)
          • Subcultures (Sugarman)
        • Material deprivation
          • Poor housing
          • Poor diet
          • Low income (Bull, Smith and Noble)
        • Cultural capital (Bordieu)
      • Class differences in achievement (internal)
        • Labelling and the self-fulfilling prophecy
          • w/c pupils labelleld negatively, m'c pupils labelleld positively
            • teachers encourage m/c pupils more and neglect w/c pupils
              • A self fulfilling prophecy occurs and w/c fail, while m/c succeed
          • The 'Pygmalion effect' (Rosenthal and Jacobson)
        • Streaming
          • Streams= ability groups pupils are taught in for all their subjects
          • w/c pupils placed into lower streams and are neglected, m/c placed into higher streams and are encouraged
            • A self fulfilling prophecy occurs and w/c fail, while m/c succeed
          • the 'A-C economy' and the educational triage (Gillborn and Youdell)
        • Pupil subcultures (Lacey)
          • Anti school subcultures= w/c pupils who reject values and fail
          • pro school subcultures= /c pupils who accept  values and succeed
        • Class identities and the education system (Archer)
    • Educational policy
      • Types of policies
        • 1870: Forster education act
        • 1944: Butler education act (tripartite system)
        • 1965: The comprehensive school system
        • 1970s: The new vocationalism
        • 1988: The education reform act
        • 1997-2010: New Labour policies
        • 2010-onwards: Coalition government policies
        • Gender policies
        • Ethnicity polices
      • Privatisation
        • Privatisation= the transfer of public assets from state control to the control of private companies
        • Types of privatisation
          • endogenus= inside schools
          • Exogenous= outside schools
        • Examples of privatisation in education
          • Exam boards
          • Educational software (Buckinham and Scanlon)
          • Educational policy
      • Globalisation and policy
        • The imapct of globalisation on policy
          • Teaching computer/ technology skills
          • TNCs have control over curriculums
          • Multicultural education
        • Globalisation= the growing interconnectedness of nations around the world

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