British Education 1918-1979

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  • EDUCATION
    • 1918 - 1945
      • 1918 Fisher Education Act
        • increasing leaving age to 14
        • provide nursery and continuation schools
          • only small amount due to 1922 Geddes Act
        • scrapping elementary school fees
        • giving provisions to punish those who employ school age children
      • 1942 Beveridge Report
        • tackle the giant of 'ignorance'
          • proposed universal free education until the end of secondary school
        • supported as WW2 required educated soldiers
          • vast extension of government action needed civil servants
      • 1944 Butler Education Act
        • introduced the tripartite system
          • technical schools
            • mechanical and technical education
              • 5% attendance before 1965
          • modern schools
            • general education to prepare for work
              • 70% of students in 1950
          • grammar schools
            • highly academic Olevels and Alevels
              • 20% of pupils
        • high quality of education for most able
        • allowed social mobility
        • grammar schools popular with partents
        • unfair resources advantage at grammar
        • children's lives decided aged 10
        • reinforce class system
    • 1945-1979
      • 1965 Crosland circular 10/65 and 1966 circular
        • 10/65 called for universal comprehensive education
          • LEA's in Coventry and London rejected tripartite athletes
        • 1966: government said funding only given to comprehensive schools
          • multiple schools closed and changed to private
      • 1965 CSE and GCE Olevels
        • introduced new exam CSE for low ability students
        • OLEVELS available for higher ability
        • caused a merge to GCSES in 1980's
      • 1967 Plowden Report
        • recommended children learnt in their own way
          • lack of discipline
      • 1973 education act leaving age raised to 16
      • 1976: reinforced comprehensive

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