Education Stalin

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  • Education
    • Pre-Stalin
      • Bolsheviks needed to reject bourgeois standards.
        • This led to an attack on traditional subjects.
      • Textbooks were thrown away, exams were abolished and schools were only allowed to be open for a set number of days.
        • The Bolsheviks preferred everyone to be working rather than at school.
      • Young people were encouraged to learn trades and activities that were of practical value.
    • Need for reform
      • Stalin wanted to modernise the USSR.
        • The best way to do this was to ensure that the young were literate.
      • Complaints from managers and parents that people were entering the workforce illiterate.
      • Need for discipline and order was stressed.
        • This was to mirror life in the factories
    • Education under Stalin
      • 10 years of compulsory schooling
        • Core curriculum of reading, writing, maths, science, history, geography and Russian.
          • State prescribed texts.
          • Homework
        • State organised tests and exams
        • The aim was to create a disciplined, trained generation of young people fully ready to join the workforce and support 5YP.
      • Fees were to be charged for the final 3 years of school as they were optional.
        • Not as corrupt as the tsarist system where it was based purely on class.
        • Grants and scholarships available from the govt.,  The Party and trade union.
    • Role of the elite
      • A privileged elite was created.
        • This was anti-bolshevik
      • The intelligentsia ensured that their children had private education.
        • This enhanced Stalin's power as he had a class of privileged administrators who supported him.
  • Results
    • BETWEEN 1929 & 1940 THE CHILDREN ATTENDING SCHOOL ROSE FROM 12 MILLION TO 35 MILLION
    • Education
      • Pre-Stalin
        • Bolsheviks needed to reject bourgeois standards.
          • This led to an attack on traditional subjects.
        • Textbooks were thrown away, exams were abolished and schools were only allowed to be open for a set number of days.
          • The Bolsheviks preferred everyone to be working rather than at school.
        • Young people were encouraged to learn trades and activities that were of practical value.
      • Need for reform
        • Stalin wanted to modernise the USSR.
          • The best way to do this was to ensure that the young were literate.
        • Complaints from managers and parents that people were entering the workforce illiterate.
        • Need for discipline and order was stressed.
          • This was to mirror life in the factories
      • Education under Stalin
        • 10 years of compulsory schooling
          • Core curriculum of reading, writing, maths, science, history, geography and Russian.
            • State prescribed texts.
            • Homework
          • State organised tests and exams
          • The aim was to create a disciplined, trained generation of young people fully ready to join the workforce and support 5YP.
        • Fees were to be charged for the final 3 years of school as they were optional.
          • Not as corrupt as the tsarist system where it was based purely on class.
          • Grants and scholarships available from the govt.,  The Party and trade union.
      • Role of the elite
        • A privileged elite was created.
          • This was anti-bolshevik
        • The intelligentsia ensured that their children had private education.
          • This enhanced Stalin's power as he had a class of privileged administrators who supported him.
    • IN 1939, SCHOOLING FOR 8-14 YEAR OLDS HAD BECOME UNIVERSAL IN URBAN AREAS
    • 1926-1936 LITERACY RATE FOR OVER 9S INCREASED FROM 51% TO 88%

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