Economic movement within the EU: Poland and the UK

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Economic movement within the EU : Poland to UK
    • Description of the movement
      • They moved in hope of a better lifestyle and for economic reasons as wages in the UK are 5 times higher than that in Poland whereas cost of living is only twice as high.
      • One of the largest movements was from Poland to the UK (approx 447,000 between 2004 and 2006)
      • It is estimated that the number of poles living in the UK is between 1 and 2 million and are aged between 24 and 35. Approximately 40% have a degree.
      • The Eu expansion provided the opportunity for many Eastern European people to work in the EU.
    • Receiving area : UK
      • Negative impacts
        • Migrants have put pressure on essential services such as schools, hospitals and benefit payments leading to financial difficulties.
        • The spread of polish immigrants throughout the UK has led to racial tension especially in areas where unemployment rates are high.
        • There is a small number of poles who come her illegally, they work and don't pay taxes and are known as part of the informal economy.
  • Source area : Poland
    • Positive impacts
      • Due to the recession, the value of the pound has fallen against the polish Zloty resulting in higher wages and so less workers migrate and more pay tax.
    • Negative impacts
      • A major impact in Poland is the loss of key skilled workers, this has led to a negative multiplier effect as less money is circulating in the economy resulting in job losses.
      • The lack of work force means less people are paying taxes so there is less money for development and services.
  • Positive impacts
    • The influx of hard working, skilled and flexible workforce compensates for the UK's aging populaton
    • Receiving area : UK
      • Negative impacts
        • Migrants have put pressure on essential services such as schools, hospitals and benefit payments leading to financial difficulties.
        • The spread of polish immigrants throughout the UK has led to racial tension especially in areas where unemployment rates are high.
        • There is a small number of poles who come her illegally, they work and don't pay taxes and are known as part of the informal economy.
    • The UK's economy benefits from £1.9bn a year in income tax and national insurance from the migrant population.
    • The migrants have enriched British food culture with many big names introducing more polish food onto their shelf's.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Population change resources »