History - Russia - Witte 1892-1903

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  • Created by: siobhan
  • Created on: 02-04-13 10:19
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  • Economic and Social Change
    • Impact of Emancipation
      • 80% of population were peasants
      • Redemption fees of 6% over 49 years
      • Village elders controlled: who left village, and redistribution of land
      • 1861 - 1914 - population doubled to 130 million
    • Witte 1892 - 1903
      • Wanted to strengthen economy so Russia was Great Power
      • Didn't have factors for industrialisation
        • Very small business class
        • Peasants didn't have freedom of movement
        • No funds to invest
      • Growth sponsored and directed by Government
      • Emphasis placed on capital goods: iron, steel, coal and machinery
      • Financed from abroad: Belgium, France and Britain
      • Extra taxes for peasants
        • This caused resentment and uprisings
      • Construction of Trans-Siberian railway began (1891)
    • Impact of Witte
      • Coal, iron and oils production rose
        • Allowed development of military
      • By 1903 much of Trans-Siberian railway finished
      • Growth centered in St Petersburg  Moscow, Baku and Ukrain
      • By 1900 1/2 industrial workforce in factories
      • Population doubled in SPB from 1 - 2 million (1890 - 1914)
        • Led to poor living conditions and unrest
    • Key statistics
      • By 1914 156 km of railway completed
      • 1910 - coal production increased to 26.8 mill from 3.2 in 1880
      • 1894 - 1913 national income 50% compared to 70% in Britain
      • 1890-99 average industrial growth rate = 8%

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