Eclectic Approach

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  • Theoretical Electricism
    • Combination of theories, ideas and appraoches
    • Eclectic Approach
      • Methodologic-al Eclecticism
        • Combination of different research methods
      • Epistemologic-al Electicism
        • Combination of different positions in the debates
      • Applied Electicism
        • Combining different approaches when applying psychology in real life
      • Selective Electicism
        • Using different ideas from different approaches in a variety of ways, depending upon the situation
      • Trimodal Theory
        • Created by Stevens (1996a)
        • Mode: Focus; Primary - Biological processes; Secondary - Symbolic processes; Tertiary - Reflexive awareness
        • Mode: Approaches; Primary - Biological; Secondary - Behaviourist, SLT, Cognitive, Psychodyna-mic; Tertiary - Humanistic
        • Mode: Examples; Primary - Biological sex of an individual and hormones; Secondary - Meanings of society; Tertiary - Individual has a choice on whether to display the appropriate gender behaviour.
        • Problems with this: Places too much empathises on the tertiary mode suggesting we make conscious decisions however evidence suggests we don't
          • Approaches in the primary and secondary mode are deterministic and completely reject the idea of free will therefore it is impossible to combine with the Humanistic Approach
      • Strengths: Takes the best of the approaches and gives us a better understanding of behaviour. By combining the approaches it means that vital information isn't lost what would be when you focus on one approach.
      • Weaknesses: Some of the approaches are too contradictory and therefore impossible to combine. By combining them it may mean there is no theoretical basis. A 'pick-a-mix' approach means we'd get a 'watered down' version that is no better than common sense.


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