Eating behav

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  • EATING BEHAVIOUR
    • EXPLANATIONS FOR SUCCESS & FAILURE OF DIETING
      • RESTRAINT THEORY - HERMEN & MACK - attempting not to eat actually increases prob. of overeating - DISHINIBTION (LOSS OF CONTROL) OF RESTRAINT that is CAUSE of evereating in resttrained eaters
        • CANNOT EXPLAIN RESTRICTING ANOREXICS - OGDEN -how do they starve themselves if trying not to eat leads to overeating
        • NOT EFFECTIVE AT TREATING OBESITY - treatment for obesity reccomends restraint as way of losing weight. - over reating consequence of obesity treatment - deprressed
      • ROLE OF DENIAL - attempting to SUPRESS thought about FORBIDDEN FOODS actually has opposite effect - more prominent - attractive - IRONIC PROCESS OF MENTAL CONTROL results in state of denial
      • FENDING OFF BOREDOM - REDDEN - people LIKE EXPERIENCES LESS when they REPEAT them constantly - stick to DETAILS - easier to MAINTAIN DIET
        • RWA - DEVELOPMENT OF ANTI-DIET PROGRAMMES replacing dieting with CONVENTIONAL EATING - effective - regulation of eating by body hunger and satiety signals.
          • FURTHER SUPPORT - HIGGINS AND GRAY - META-ANAL found anti-dieting programmes could improve eating behav & psyc wellbeing, weight stability
      • BOUNDARY MODEL - takes longer dieters to reach satiety, LESS TIME to FEEL HUNGRY. Self - imposed intake - 'what the hell effect'
        • STUDIES OF DIETING RELY ON PERSONAL ACCOUNTS - memory not 100% accurate - asessment tends not to be objective - cannot justify claims about dieting strategies - lack reliability
        • CULTURAL BIAS IN RESEARCH - SOME FIND IT HARDER TO DIET DUE TO NATURAL INCLINATION TO OBESITY - ASIAN ADULTS more PRONE to OBESITY than euopeans (park et al)
    • ATTITUDES TO FOOD & EATING BEHAVIOUR
      • MOOD - COMFORT EATING - up-beat/depressing MOVIE - 38 pp's - 'happy' chose healthy grapes, 'sad' junkfood/popcorn - GARG ET AL
        • MAY NOT WORK - Parker et al - choc, if used repeatedly - prolong -ve mood
        • SMALL SAMPLE - look at nutritional info before going in - consumption of unhealthy food dropped dramatically! - individual dif
      • SLT - impact of observing others - PARENTAL MODELLING affects childrens own attitudes to food. BROWN & OGDEN - CORRELATIONS between children & parents in terms of food intake & body dissatisfaction
        • SUPPORT - MEYER & GAST - surveyed 12 yr olds - +ve cor. between peer inluence & disordered eating
        • REDUCTIONIST - SLT focuses on acquiring attitudes by exposure to models - Evolutionary exp. preference for sweet foods is direct result of evolved adaption
      • cultural influences - SOCIAL CLASS - eating CONCERNS HIGHER among UPPER CLASS. DORNBUSCH et al - 7000 us adolescents - higher class - greater desire to be thin
        • LACKS ECO VALID - US H/E LARGE SAMPLE
        • CONTRADICTORY RESEARCH - STORY ET AL - US stuedents - lower rates of weight control - higher social class - not straightforward relationship
      • ETHNICITY - POWELL & KHAN - body DISSATISFACTION more characteristic of white than black/asian women
        • GENDER BIAS - women - h/e HOMOSEXUAL MEN @ risk of developing DISORDERED EATING ATTITUDES
        • challenging research - MUMFORD ET AL - more evidence of eating disorders among asian schoolchildren

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