Earthquakes and volcanoes case studies

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  • Earthquakes and volcanoes case studies
    • Haiti
      • Causes
        • Conservative plate boundary
          • North American plate and carribean plate
        • plates slide at 2cm/year
          • Transform
        • 32 aftershocks
          • Aftershocks= 4.0 on Richter scale
        • Very shallow focus 13km deep
      • Effects
        • Lanslides
        • 98% of forest lost
        • Good soil lost
        • rubble and contaminated water
        • 23,000 dead
          • 300,000  injured
        • Lack of drinking water
        • Hospitals overflowing
          • people not treated well enough
        • Mass graves- 7000+
        • Almost all houses destroyed
          • Port au prince infrastructure ruined
          • Govt buildings destroyed
      • Responses
        • UK- £10 Million pounds aid
        • Indonesia-Search an rescue teams
        • UN - £165 million aid
        • Yank Red cross- $7 million in 24 hours
        • Charities- Sent loads of water an tablets
        • Aid took time to get to where needed
        • Lots of amputees
        • many Haitians moved back to  country
        • Some aid turned away due to US air traffic control
    • Eyjafjallajokull
      • Causes
        • Mid Atlantic ridge- Constructive plate boundary
        • Eurasian plate and North American plate diverging
        • Glacier on volcano
          • As lava came out of volcano, cooled by glacier, causing lots of ash
      • Effects
        • Due to ash, most of European airtravel halted
        • Greenhouse gases released
        • Flooding- glacier
        • Ash in local area- crops, animals
        • Asthma
        • 1.2 mill could not fly a day
        • businesses- people stranded
        • £1.1 bill lost by airlines
        • Nissan stopped production- Couldn't imporrt
        • GB airspace down 6 days
      • Responses
        • Gordon Brown sent 3 R Navy ships to get brits
        • 100's evacuated in Iceland before flooding
          • Trenches dug
        • "Don't just book it" sent rescue flights
          • 2,500 rescued
        • Insurance companies didn't pay for hotels or return flights
  • Indonesia-Search an rescue teams

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