Earthquakes- Case Studies

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  • Created by: vampette
  • Created on: 29-03-14 09:21
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  • Earthquake case studies
    • Kobe. Japan 1995
      • strength- 7.2
      • Eurasian and Philippine plates involved.
      • Killed 6,000 Injured 40,000 Left 300,000 homeless
      • There were a lot of fires, it damaged the infrastructure, broke pipes in the area (gas, water, sewage), pylons collapsed.
      • Responses:
        • Short term
          • People slept in parks; the hospitals couldn't cope; the local authorities response was slow; rescue slow to arrive; it was days before they asked for outside help.
        • Long term
          • Better building regulations were put into place; also better emergency drills; they rebuilt infrastructure and houses.
    • Kashmir, Pakistan, 2005
      • Eurasian and Indo-Australian plates involved
      • 7.6 richtor scale
      • Primary effects
        • 80,000 deaths, mostly from collapsed buildings; hundreds of thousands of people injured; water pipelines and electricity lines were broken.
      • Secondary effects
        • Landslides
          • Buried buildings and people
          • Blocked access roads and cut off water supplies, electricity supplies and telephone lines.
        • Diarrhoea and other disesase spread due to little clean water.
        • Freezing winter conditions shortly after the earthquake caused more casualties and meant rescue and rebuilding operations were difficult.
      • Immediate response
        • Help didn't reach many areas for days or weeks
        • tents, medical supplies and blankets were distributed within a month, but not to all areas affected.
        • International aid and equipment such as helicopters and rescue dogs were brought in, as well as teams of people from other countries.
      • Long-term response
        • Around 40,000 people have been relocated to a new town
        • Government money has been given to people whose homes had been destroyed so they can rebuild them themselves.
        • Training has been provided to help rebuild more buildings as earthquake resistant.
        • New health centres have been set up in the area.


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