Elizabeth 1

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Tikshanta
  • Created on: 17-01-18 11:40
View mindmap
  • Queen, Gov and Religion, 1588-69
    • Problems Elizabeth faced when she became Queen
      • E was young and lacked experience, her gov needed money as they were in £300,000 debt
        • She needed the support of her council and Parliament in order to pass laws
      • Her legitimacy was in doubt because the pope refused to recognise her mother's marriage to Henry VIII
      • E was a Protestant and her predecessor was a Catholic
    • Elizabeth's Characters and Strength
      • E was confident and a charismatic leader. She was resilient and could cope with the pressures being a queen would come up
        • She reinvented her role as queen by saying she didn't need to get married and could govern Eng on her own
      • She had an excellent knowledge of politics which enabled her to use her powers of patronage effectively
      • Because of the number of Protestants growing she could claim 'divine rights' with growing conviction
      • E portrayed herself as a strong, legitimate, popular queen. She gave herself the name of 'Virgin Queen' - married to Eng not Prince/King
    • Financial Weaknesses
      • The Crown was in debt of £300,000
        • Over £100,000 of the debt was owed to foreign moneylenders at high interest rates
      • Many Tudors had paid off their land to help pay for wars which meant that the Crown's income from rents were falling
        • E needed money to remained secure on the throne so that she could reward her supporters
      • Since the 40s the value of the coinage had devalued because of the reduction in gold and silver production. This resulted in inflation
      • The monarchs could raise money by collecting rent from Crown's lands, taxes from trades, subsidies, fines and profits from justices and loans
        • Parliamentary grants were raised but the wealth pocketed some becoming wealthy and the poor poorer
      • E could raise taxes which could convene parliament but it would be  unpopular among ordinary people
      • E could increase the quality of money which was advised by Thomas Gresham but the Crown was slow to respond. But many people would find it difficult to exchange the coins
      • E instead didn't raise taxes but cut her household expenses by half and sold the Crown's land
    • Challenges from France and Spain
      • The French Threat: Fr wealth & population> Eng. MQoS heir to Eng throne and strong connections with Fr
      • The Auld Alliance: MQoS mum ruling Scot on her behalf. Keeps Fr soldiers ready to attack. Marriage strengthen bond
      • War was ££: Crown in debt, couldn't afford war with Fr, Sp and Scot. Deepen debt and is v ££
      • Fr and Sp war ended: Fr resources not stretched anymore- possible for Catholic Fr and Sp unite against Protestant Eng. Troops in Netherlands
      • Treaty of Cateau- Cambresis: Eng lost last remaining territory to Fr. E under pressure to regain it. War with Fr v £££
    • Society
      • Society in the countryside and towns were different. Countrysides consisted of the nobility, gentry, yeoman farmers, Tenant farmers, the landless and labouring poor and the homeless and vagrants
        • During this period you were expected to owe respect and obedience towards those above you and care for those below you
          • Towns contained merchants, professionals, business owners, craftsmen, unskilled labourers and those were unemployed
            • Society
              • Society in the countryside and towns were different. Countrysides consisted of the nobility, gentry, yeoman farmers, Tenant farmers, the landless and labouring poor and the homeless and vagrants
                • During this period you were expected to owe respect and obedience towards those above you and care for those below you
                  • Towns contained merchants, professionals, business owners, craftsmen, unskilled labourers and those were unemployed

    Comments

    No comments have yet been made

    Similar Humanities resources:

    See all Humanities resources »See all Elizabethan England resources »