Dynamic Development

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  • Development
    • Dynamic Development
      • Distribution of AC'S, EDC'S, LIDC'S
        • Emerging, Developing Country - developing, starting to become wealthier
          • EDC'S are distributed across Asia and South America such as Brazil, China
            • Secondary sector
        • Low Income Developing Country - not developed, poor
          • LIDC's are distributed mainly in Africa such as Libya, Chad
            • Primary sector
        • Cartogram - shows Gross National Income difference around the world
      • Development Indicators
        • Quality of education
        • Infant mortality rate - babies that die under the age of 1 per 1000
        • Population per doctor - people per doctor ratio
        • Accessibility to healthcare
        • Infrastructure
        • Access to clean water
        • Gross National Income - average salary per person per year ($US)
        • Development of technology
        • Labour conditions
        • Gross Domestic Product - economic output of a country ($US)
      • Barriers to breaking out of poverty
        • Maternal Health
        • Debt
        • Healthcare
        • Malnutrition
        • Lack of access to resources
        • War
        • Education
        • Political unrest
          • A situation where many people are dissatisfied with the government of their country and how they run it
      • Millennium Development Goals
        • Set by world leaders
        • Decrease world poverty
        • Improve development
        • Put together in 2000 and to be met by 2015
        • Targeting the worlds poorest
        • 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
        • 2. Achieve universal primary education
        • 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
        • 4. Reduce child mortality
        • 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
        • 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
        • 8. Global partnership for development
      • Global connections
        • Trans National Corporation - global companies that trade and manufacture in different countries
        • Goods sold to another country are called exports
        • Goods bought into a country are called imports
        • Natural commodities - goods that a country produces naturally (fruit)
        • Trade - the exchange of goods and services between one country and another
          • Trade surplus - the value of exports is greater than imports
          • Visible trade - the buying and selling of goods (raw materials)
          • Invisible trade - the buying and selling of services (tourism)
  • Human Development Index - quality of life
    • Life expectancy at birth
    • Average education levels
    • Standard of living
    • Calculates a value between 0 and 1
    • The closer to 1, the better the level of development for that country
    • Development Indicators
      • Quality of education
      • Infant mortality rate - babies that die under the age of 1 per 1000
      • Population per doctor - people per doctor ratio
      • Accessibility to healthcare
      • Infrastructure
      • Access to clean water
      • Gross National Income - average salary per person per year ($US)
      • Development of technology
      • Labour conditions
      • Gross Domestic Product - economic output of a country ($US)
  • Traditional Society
    • Limited technology; static society
  • Preconditions for take-off
    • Commercial exploitation of agriculture and extractive industry
  • Take-off
    • Development of a manufacturing sector
  • High mass consumption
    • Rostow's Model - The Development Pathway
      • Dynamic Development
        • Distribution of AC'S, EDC'S, LIDC'S
          • Emerging, Developing Country - developing, starting to become wealthier
            • EDC'S are distributed across Asia and South America such as Brazil, China
              • Secondary sector
          • Low Income Developing Country - not developed, poor
            • LIDC's are distributed mainly in Africa such as Libya, Chad
              • Primary sector
          • Cartogram - shows Gross National Income difference around the world
        • Barriers to breaking out of poverty
          • Maternal Health
          • Debt
          • Healthcare
          • Malnutrition
          • Lack of access to resources
          • War
          • Education
          • Political unrest
            • A situation where many people are dissatisfied with the government of their country and how they run it
        • Millennium Development Goals
          • Set by world leaders
          • Decrease world poverty
          • Improve development
          • Put together in 2000 and to be met by 2015
          • Targeting the worlds poorest
          • 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
          • 2. Achieve universal primary education
          • 3. Promote gender equality and empower women
          • 4. Reduce child mortality
          • 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
          • 7. Ensure environmental sustainability
          • 8. Global partnership for development
        • Global connections
          • Trans National Corporation - global companies that trade and manufacture in different countries
          • Goods sold to another country are called exports
          • Goods bought into a country are called imports
          • Natural commodities - goods that a country produces naturally (fruit)
          • Trade - the exchange of goods and services between one country and another
            • Trade surplus - the value of exports is greater than imports
            • Visible trade - the buying and selling of goods (raw materials)
            • Invisible trade - the buying and selling of services (tourism)
  • Transition triggered by external influence, interests or markets
  • Installation of physical infrastructure and emergence of social/political elite
  • Investment in manufacturing exceeds 10% of national income; development of modern social, economic and political institutions
  • Aid
    • Food aid - edible commodities donated to needy populations
    • Voluntary aid - money collected from the public by non-governmental organisations
    • Sustainable development - development that meets the needs of the people today without harming the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
    • Emergency aid - money food, goods and services given at times of need
    • Bilateral aid - aid from one country to another
    • Top-down development - development projects that are imposed in people from above
    • Bottom-up development - development projects that start and work from the "grass roots" level
    • Non-governmental aid - an independent charity/agency that provides aid
    • Long term aid - aid that provides support over a long period of time to make changes that last
    • Tied aid - foreign aid that must be used in the donor country to buy goods and service from the country giving the aid
    • Short term aid - aid that provides support for a short time
    • Multi lateral aid - aid that is given by a number of countries and organisations, like the United Nations and the World Health Organisation
  • Development strategies
    • Bottom-up strategies
      • Benefits
        • Can be educational and provide jobs
        • Projects are led by locals
        • Supported by charities to begin with until they can support themselves
        • Targets small areas
        • Involve the community
      • Limitations
        • It address small issues not massive issues
        • The whole country is not benefited
    • Top-down strategies
      • Limitations
        • Costs are large so LIDC's can't afford them
        • Projects don't involve the community
      • Benefits
        • Government funding
        • Large-national scale
        • Trade deals can be made and TNC's may attract

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