Dylan Thomas: Regional Writers (2)

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  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 04-06-18 17:25
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  • Dylan Thomas: Regional Writers (2)
    • Thomas and Welsh metre
      • Thomas was aware of the prominence of features of Welsh metre
        • Denied influence in his own work: he claimed that reproducing Welsh metrics and effects in English 'succeeded only in warping, crabbing, and obscuring natural genius of the English language'
      • Thomas contradicts himself
        • As early as May 1934, Thomas claimed that his genius was 'more or less based on Welsh Rhythms'
      • On No Work of Words, 1938
        • Mirroring alliteration
          • 'The lovely gift of the gab/bangs back on a blind shaft'
      • According to Katie Grammich
        • Dylan Thomas 'retained a strong knowledge of Welsh-language forms and traditions, including folk and chapel culture, and, to some extent, strict metre poetry.
        • These poets inhabited a linguistic borderland, therefore, and their work is energised and defamiliarised by the tensions between two languages and two cultures.'
    • Swansea: hybrid cultures
      • Potent legacy in Swansea
      • Borders Welsh-Speaking Carmarthenshire to the north and west
      • Busy port in 1930s
      • Centre for dissenting Non-conformism
      • Known for  its sporting and theatrical/literary activities
      • Linguistic borderland
    • Swansea  and the War
      • Swansea economic decline
      • Bombed flat in 1941 ('The Three Night Blitz')
        • 'I remember standing there with Caitlin. I was there with a Warden's helmet on, incidentally, and he said "Bert, our Swansea has died. Our Swansea has died."
          • 'And by God he was right. The Swansea that that we knew, the pubs, the places were gone, and gone for all time.'
      • 'Return Journey', broadcast in 1947 on the BBC Home Service offers lyrical and extremely detailed account of a narrator travelling through Swansea, Seeking his younger self(ves)
      • 'I went out of the hotel into the snow and walked down high street, past the flat white wastes where all the shops had been.'
        • 'Eddershaw Furnishers, Curry's Bicycles, Donegal Clothing Company, Doctor Scholl's, Burton Tailors, W. H. Smith, Boots...- all the shops bombed and vanished. Past the hole in space where Hodges & Clothiers had been, down Castle Street, past the remembered, invisible shops'
    • Praise poet
      • Urgency
      • Rhapsodic and formally intricate verse
      • Evocation of rural west Wales
      • Poet in search of a lost home?
      • 'Fern Hill' (1945)
      • 'Over Sir John's Hill' (1949)
    • 'Fern Hill'
      • Fern Hill House in Llangain,  Carmathenshire
      • Thomas enjoyed extended stays in 1920s
      • Fern Hill published in 'Deaths and Entrances' in 1945
      • How is Fern Hill described by Thomas?
        • What ind of linguistic features can you detect?
    • 'Do Not Go Gentle'
    • A villanelle
      • Originally used for pastoral poetry
      • Old French form
      • 19 line poem
      • 5 tercets, followed by a quatrain
      • Two refrains and two repeating rhymes
      • The first and third line of the first tercet repeated alternately until the last stanza
      • The final stanza include both repeated

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