• Created by: LilliEarl
  • Created on: 13-05-18 18:03
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  • Duties and Festivals
    • sawm
      • go without pleasures from sunrise to sunset
      • benefits
        • sympathy for poor
        • learn restraint
        • companionship
        • spiritual strength
      • exceptions
        • children under 12-14
        • pregnant/ nursing mothers
        • menstruation
        • the sick
      • night of power
    • zakah=giving of 2.5% of one's wealth each year to benefit the poor
      • aims
        • obeying god
        • behaving honestly
        • learning self discipline
      • The payment of zakah purifies the wealth that a Muslim has left so that no harm can come to them from it
      • khums= 20% tax
      • There is a man who gives charity and he conceals it so much that his left hand does not know what his right hand spends
    • hajj
      • pilgrimage to Makkah
      • origins: Ka'aba was built to worship Allah
      • Ihram= everyone must wear white
      • actions at sites
        • 1.ka'aba= circle this because it's the first place built to worship Allah
        • 3.mina= throwing pebbles reminds to resist temptations
        • 2.arafat= to show allah provides. stand on the plane and beg for forgiveness
        • 4.muzdalifah= go back to worship Allah
    • jihad
      • greater jihad= the efforts of a believer to live their Muslim faith as well as possible
        • learning the Qur'an by heart
        • overcoming anger, greed and pride
        • working for social justice
      • lesser jihad
        • self defence
        • protecting islam
        • protection of freedom of faith
        • putting right a wrong
        • fighting against oppression
    • ashura
      • Ashura commemorates two events: the day Nuh (Noah) left the ark and the day Musa (Moses) was saved from the Egyptians by Allah.
      • plays re-enacting the martyrdom are often staged and many take part in mourning rituals
    • id-ul Fitr:'The Feast of Breaking the Fast' and is celebrated by Muslims worldwide to mark the end of Ramadan
      • go to mosque, exchange gifts, wear best clothes, eat special food
    • id-ul Adha:The festival remembers the prophet Ibrahim's willingness to sacrifice his son when ordered to by Allah
      • part of hajj, visit friends and family, sermon about sacrifice, animal slaughtered


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