During

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  • During
    • Tsunamis
      • Alerts
        • Japan, March 2011
          • Japan's earthquake early warning system issued a warning message to TVs, radios and mobiles.
      • Emergency Response
        • Japan, March 2011
          • Within minutes, 100,000 people began the disaster relief mission
          • Shelters set up in schools
          • Many NGO's responded, eg. Shelterbox which sent 1,500 boxes in the first 3 weeks containing survival resources cooking equiptment.
          • Japanese Red Cross mobilised 230 emergency relief teams: provided medical and emotional support
          • The internet was utilised: eg. Skype provided free calls to landlines and access to the internet
    • Earthquakes
      • Alerts
        • Japan, March 2011
          • Japan's earthquake early warning system issued a warning message to TVs, radios and mobiles.
    • Volcanoes
      • Emergency Response
        • Lava flow from Etna, 1991-1993
          • Four barriers built to stem the flow
            • However, all four were overtopped
              • So evacuation is the best response!
        • Soufriere Hills, Montserrat
          • It's first eruption in 1995
            • Montserrat's  capital, Plymouth was evacuated
            • An exclusion zone crated in southern Montserrat
      • Alerts
        • Soufriere Hills, Montserrat
          • A siren system
          • People told to listen to their radios
          • People told not to cross the Belham Valley
        • Mount Merapi, 2010
          • The Indonesian government issued a high level alert, warning villagers in threatened areas to evacuate.
            • Over 75,000 people living within a 20 km zone were told to evacuate
  • Japanese Red Cross mobilised 230 emergency relief teams: provided medical and emotional support
  • Soufriere Hills, Montserrat
    • It's first eruption in 1995
      • Montserrat's  capital, Plymouth was evacuated
      • An exclusion zone crated in southern Montserrat
  • However, all four were overtopped
    • So evacuation is the best response!

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