ducks phase model mind map

  • Created by: aryan26
  • Created on: 06-02-19 17:21
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  • Duck's phase model
    • model of relationship breakdown- occurs in a series of steps
      • relationship dissolution consists of distinct stages
    • phase1: intra-psychic
      • person admits to themselves that they are dissatisfied
      • focuses on a person's internal thought processes
      • before the next stage there is a threshold of thinking 'I can't stand this anymore'
    • phase2: dyadic
      • when a person confronts their partner
      • complaints from the partner initiating the breakup- usually about the other's commitment
        • the dissatisfied partner also rethinks alternatives
        • threshold: 'I would be justified in withdrawing'
    • phase3: social phase
      • involve friends and relatives and make the distress public
      • one it reaches this stage it is most difficult to mend the relationship
        • friends and family intervene offering advice which makes reconciliation more problematic
      • threshold: 'I mean it' this stage usually leads to the dissolution of the relationship
    • phase4: grave-dressing
      • both sides construct a version of why it broke down usually minimizing their faults and maximizing the partners
        • but at the same time trying to appear trustworthy and loyal to attract a new partner
      • signifies closure of precious relationship and readiness to start a new one
      • threshold: 'It's time to start a new life'
    • Duck and Rollie's addition- resurrection phase
      • people move beyond the pain and distress and experience personal growth
    • evaluation
      • supported by scientific research- Tashiro & Frasier (as the model predicted)
      • ethical issues- such as privacy especially with domestic abuse. also confidentiality and protection from harm
      • social phase is affected by individual differences
        • Dickson- friends and relatives see teenagers breakups as less serious, they put more effort into reconciling older couples
          • thus the model doesn't apply to all couples so is unable to accurately predict breakdown in all types of relationship
      • useful applications- couples counselling. couples can be advised strategies depending on their stage
    • research examining
      • Tashiro& Frazier- undergraduate ppts who had recently had a breakup.
        • reported emotional growth as well as distress which supports the Resurrection stage
      • research to indicate the importance of the grave dressing stage
        • many people experience anxiety and depression when going through it
        • however, Tashiro& Frasier
          • found if ex partners viewed the situation not their faults as being responsible for the break up, they saw the ending in a more positive light
    • issues and debates
      • based on relationships from individualist cultures- separation and divorce don't carry stigma
        • in collectivist cultures relationships are sometimes arranged which makes them difficult to end
      • describes how relationships breakdown but not why- focuses on establishing universal principles
        • an idiographic approach may be better suited to give individual reasons and the experiences

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