Types of Drugs

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  • Drugs
    • Depressants
      • Examples: Alcohol, Solvents, Temazepam
      • Decreases activity of the brain
        • Slows down responses of nervous system
          • Slow reactions and poor judgements of speed and distances occur
    • Stimulants
      • Examples: Nicotine, Ecstasy, Caffeine
      • Increases activity of the brain
        • More alert and awake
      • Often used to treat depression
    • Painkillers
      • Examples: Aspirin, Paracetamol
      • Reduces number of painful stimuli at nerve endings
    • Performance Enhancers
      • Example: Anabolic steroids - Testosterone
      • Taken by athletes
        • Helps build muscles
          • Allows athletes to train harder
      • Banned by most sport organisations
    • Hallucinogens
      • Example: LSD
      • Distort what is seen and heard
        • Alters pathways that the brain sends messages along


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