Dream analysis

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  • Created by: isobel
  • Created on: 15-06-13 11:48
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  • Dream analysis
    • description
      • see's mental illness as coming from unconscious thoughts and emotions that have been repressed.
      • when we are asleep our ego's defences are more relaxed so material from our unconscious can become conscious in a dream.
      • the material is still a threat to our health so it has to be disguised, symbols are used to represent what is in our unconscious.
      • The manifest content of the dream is what we remember of the dream.
      • The latent content is what the symbols actually mean.
      • the analyst has to uncover what the symbols mean, and needs to be done over a period of time so that several dreams can be analysed.
    • Evaluation
      • Support
        • HEATON- found 88% of clients preferred therapists to interpret their dreams rather than themselves, feeling they got more insight and depth from the therapists interpretation,so it does seem to help them.
        • LEICHSENRING- found that brief dynamic therapy which uses dream analysis is as effective as CBT
        • GOTTDEINER & HASLAM- found that psychoanalysis and CBT were equally effective with 67% of paitients gaining improvementscompatred to 34% of the control group with no treatment
      • oppose
        • is subjective, different analysts may interpret the same dream differently- reducing reliability.
        • the client may not tell the analyst the whole dream; they may forget bits of it or may edit the dream, either way important information is lost.
        • ESPOSTIO ET AL- studied vietnam veterans with post traumatic distress disorder and found 50% of ppts dreams included features of combat whilst 79%had distorted elements of combat in dreams showing they didnt use symbols.


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