Dream Analysis Evaluation

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  • Dream Analysis Evaluation
    • Ethical Issues
      • Emotional Harm
        • Latent Content might be stressful and extreme for the patient
          • Therefore, debrief the patient beforehand
      • Power Imbalance
        • Patient can become dependent on therapy for insight into their unconscious
          • Decode their hidden desire and wishes (id)
            • Seen more in depressed patients
      • FMS
        • Therapists may deceive patients by implanting fake traumatic memories upon dream analysis
          • This means they get more money by you showing up to therapy
          • As they are an authoritative figure, we trust them and their interpretations = easy to decieve
            • Toon et el (1996)
              • This means they get more money by you showing up to therapy
    • Research Evidence
      • Solms et el (2000)
        • PET Scans - highlight the regions of the brain that are active during dreaming. This is during REM
          • Shows that the active part of the brain is indeed inactive which means the unconscious, id and memory parts are active
      • Hopefield et el (1983)
        • Neural Networks that are computer simulations that mimic the action of the brain. Overloaded memory when condensing memories like us
          • Supports Freud's notion of condensation - unacceptable desires are censored and dealt through fragmented images (Manifest Content)
    • Methodological issues
      • Disrupts normal sleeping patterns like with the REM  sleep.
        • Which means biological function like the secretion of hormones and neurotransmitters can be effected
          • Acts as cofounding variables so any results may be due to these factors
      • Studies done in sleep laboratories and cannot be justified as a normal state of 'dreaming' since they are hooked up to wires so they are not in natural environment
        • Lacks Ecological Validity
    • Subjective Interpretation
      • Coming up with the Latent Content behind the Manifest Content is subjective to the therapist
      • The dream being interpreted is the report of the dreamer
        • May not be Reliable information
        • Not Scientific
          • Coming up with the Latent Content behind the Manifest Content is subjective to the therapist

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