Dream Analysis

  • Created by: Mbegum
  • Created on: 30-12-18 15:59
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  • Dream Analysis
    • main components
      • dreamwork
        • latent content changed into manifest content = via process of dreamwork
        • processes of dreamwork
          • symbolism
            • symbol replaces action
          • secondary elaboration
            • the unconscious collects images + forms logical content
      • the symbolic nature of dreams
        • real meaning= latent content
          • disguised form = manifest content
            • to a normal person the manifest content = meaningless
              • to psychoanalyst = trained to interpret meaning
      • the role of the therapist
        • reverse process of dreamwork
          • offer many interpretations of manifest content
            • w/in context of persons life
              • client = selects most relevant one
      • Dreams as wish fulfilment
        • Freud said = unconscious mind if fulfilled via dreams
        • dreams protect the sleeper
          • allows expression of hidden urges
    • evaluation
      • effectiveness
        • Research Evidence
          • Solms et al
            • PET scans = find active regions during REM
              • ego + rational parts = suspended
                • Id + motivational + memory parts = active
                  • scientific + tripartite = unfalsifiable
          • Hopfield et al
            • computer stimulation = mimics action of brain
              • neural networks + overloaded memory = underwent condensation
                • = evidence for dream work processes
                  • lacks ecological validity - brain and computer aren't the same
        • methodological issues
          • conducted in sleep labs
            • lacks ecological validdity
              • as the sleep isn't authentic
                • PTs often wired upto to machines
          • sleep deprived PTs
            • therefore affects biological functioning e.g NTs secretion
              • acts as confounding variable
                • lacks ecological validity
        • subjective interpretations
          • interpretations of manifest content
            • subjective to psychanalyst
              • against objective aims of psychology
      • ethical issues
        • power imbalance
          • patient become dependant on therapists interpretations
            • for insight into unconscious
              • particularly evident in depressed patients
        • false memory syndrome
          • therapise may claim to uncover past traumatic events
            • as they're authoritative figure = we believe them
          • Toon et al
            • therapist = may decieve patients + induce false memories
              • longer treatment = more £££
                • causes anxety = psycholgical harm
        • emotional harm
          • therapists may give insight that's emotionally disturbing
            • therefore give warning beforehand
    • how the assumptions apply?
      • unconscious mind
        • psychanalysis = make unconscious into conscious
          • investigates whether repression is involved
            • dream analysis = decodes contents of unconscious mind
      • influence of childhood experiences
        • traumatic memories = repressed into unconscious
          • may be related to troubling childhood event
            • show up in dreams = to help work through it
      • tripartite personality
        • demands of id = satisfied via dreams
          • dreaming = allows expression of id
            • ego = usually blocks out unaccetable demands of id via ego defence mechanisms
              • during dreaming = ego defences are low + id comes to life

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