Domestic Violence

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  • Domestic Violence
    • do|mes|tic vio|lence NOUN    violent or aggressive behaviour within the home, typically involving the violent abuse of a spouse or partner.
      • This can include psychological, physical, sexual, financial and emotional violence or abuse.
    • Women's Aid Federation (2014) : domestic violence accounts for between a sixth and a quarter of all recorded violent crime.
    • Kathryn Coleman et al (2007) : women were more likely than men to have experienced 'intimate violence' across all four types of abuse - partner abuse, family abuse, sexual assault and stalking.
    • Dobash and Dobash (1979:2007) found that violent incidents could be set off by what a husband saw as a challenge to his authority, such as his wife asking why he was late home for a meal.
    • Crime Survey for England and Wales (2013) found a relatively narrow gender gap: 7.3% of women (1.2 million) compared to 5% of men (800,000) reported having experienced domestic abuse in the previous year.
      • Other studies report a wider gap.
    • The radical feminist explanation: emphasises the role of patriarchal ideas, cultural values and institutions.
    • The materialist explanation: emphasises economic factors such as lack of resources.
    • Evaluation
      • Faith Robertson Elliot (1996) rejects the claim that all men benefit from violence against women. Not all men are aggressive and most are opposed to domestic violence, radical feminists ignore this.
      • Some studies do not explain why women rather than men are the main victims.
      • Not all women are found to be equally at risk.


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