Couples: Domestic Division of Labour

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  • Created on: 02-04-19 13:02
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  • COUPLES: DOMESTIC DIVISION OF LABOUR
    • PARSONS (1955)
      • Instrumental Role
        • Breadwinner
        • Achieving success at work
        • Provider for family
        • Husband
          • 'Naturally' a provider
            • Division of labour = biological differences
              • Feminists
                • Rejects that it's natural
                • Only benefits men
        • Young & Willmott (1965)
          • Men now take greater share of domestic tasks
          • More wives becoming wage earners
      • Expressive Role
        • Primary socialisation of children
        • Meeting emotional needs of family
        • Homemaker
          • Full-time housewife
        • Wife
        • Young & Willmott (1965)
          • Men now take greater share of domestic tasks
          • More wives becoming wage earners
      • Division of labour = biological differences
        • Feminists
          • Rejects that it's natural
          • Only benefits men
    • BOTT (1957)
      • Segregated Conjugal Roles
        • Couple = separate roles
        • Male breadwinner
        • Female homemaker
        • Leisure roles separate
        • Traditional of WC extended families in 1950s
        • Joint Conjugal Roles
          • Couple share tasks
            • Domestic and childcare
          • Spend leisure time together
      • YOUNG & WILLMOTT (1973)
        • Symmetrical Family
          • Women go to work
          • Men help with housework and childcare
          • Couples spend more leisure time together
          • More common in younger people
            • geographically and socially isolated and more affluent
          • Oakley (1974)
            • Claims exaggerated
            • Men more likely to help with childcare than domestic work but only pleasurable aspects
              • 15% husbands high level participation in housework
              • 25% husbands high level participation childcare
        • Rise of symmetrical family
          • Changes in women's positions
            • Going to work
              • Bringing in second wage = afford more
              • 'Dual burden'
              • 'Triple shift'
            • Marriage
          • Geographical mobility
            • More couples living away from communities where they grew up
          • New technology
            • Labour saving devices
          • Higher standards of living
            • Bringing in second wage = afford more
      • CROMPTON & LYONETTE (2008)
        • Gender Division of Labour
          • Cultural + Ideological
            • Inequality due to patriarchal norms
            • Women perform domestic roles because society expects it
          • Material + Economic
            • Women earn less than men
            • Economically rational for women to do more housework

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