Doing and Communicating

  • Created by: bspiers
  • Created on: 08-04-19 12:15
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  • Doing and Communicating
    • Experimental approach
      • Complex, correlated, conflicting
      • Replication of studies is important
        • E.g. Bargh et al was cited 2000 times before being replicated (replication found no effect)
        • Disproving things not liked
        • 2/3 of top studies not replicated
      • Making up results - Staple
      • Thinking experimentally
        • Rational thinking, challenge ideas
      • Issues with replications
        • Small samples
        • Data peeking
        • Hypothesizing
        • P- hacking (excluding info)
    • Designing Experiments
      • Experimental design
        • Manipulate IV
        • Ovoid confounds
        • Replication
        • Independence
        • Representative
        • Order of presentation
      • Power
        • Need sufficient numbers to get good estimates of effect
      • Within participants
        • Reduce variblity (power), repetition
      • Between participants
        • No repetition, lose power
        • Counter balance
          • Within participants
            • Reduce variblity (power), repetition
      • Programme in OpenSesame
        • Randomises, records, file for R
    • Psychology and the world
      • Applications
        • Occupations, educational, business, gov, justice, healthcare
        • must be aware of responsibility as a researcher
      • Public // non academics
        • listening and interaction
        • Impact of knowledge
        • Enhance understandings
      • Impact
        • demonstrate contribution to society and economy with research
      • Engaging with media
        • Constant news - online, TV
        • new agenda - click bait
        • more competitive
        • More content needed
    • Computational Approach
      • Instruct how to build something - specific programmes
      • Most theories fail
      • 1. Establish modules       2. Establish function and algorithm      3. Demonstrate replication
      • Double dissociation
        • strong inferential evidence for distinct modules
    • Communicating with non experts about research
      • Decisions
        • Content and context - what to include, what to leave, detail level
        • Structure, vocab, language
      • Consider the audience
        • Their perspectives
      • Skills for foundation for communicating
        • Decentre (ego centrism)
        • Theory of mind
        • Linguistic and communicative awareness
      • 1. Simple     2. Targeted 3. Efficient   4. Accurate    5. Familiar    6. Sequential 7. Hooks
      • Similarities: clear, structure, evidence, examples, not everything
      • Differences: selective, less detail, easy understnading

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