Bowlby MDH study

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  • Created by: Jay
  • Created on: 11-12-12 20:45
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  • Disruption of attachments: Deprivation
    • Deprivation: It is when an attachment has been broken
    • Disruption: an interference occurred in an attachment/bond
    • Study of deprivation: Bowlby's MDH-Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis
      • The main points of MDH: -the 'hypothesis' focuses the importance of maintaining attachments, a discontinuous relationship can lead to the attachment form to be disrupted and eventually break-causing deprivation
        • Another point of MDH:                          -having a continuous relationship must be maintained in that condition during the critical time period which is before 2 and a half years. Otherwise if the relationship starts to become   discontinuous then the infant will be emotionally unstable
          • The other  main point:       -The MDH suggests the word 'maternal'. Bolwby carefully selected this word to propose that an attachment needn't to occur between a mother and infant but sometimes more realistically with a mother substitute
      • Bowlby's MDH procedure:      -Bowlby's study (1944) of 44 thieves; consisted of group of 88 children referred to the child guidance clinic; 44 of them were juvenile thieves and the other 44 were the control group who were simply emotional maladjusted and didn't commit any crimes.
        • Out of the 44 thieves, 32% of them were recognized as 'affectionless psychopaths' -(people who didn't feel  remorse or guilt), and 86% of that recognition  experienced early and discontinuous relationships, and separation. Only 17% of the other thieves experienced similar situations. Around 4% from the control group also had early separations.
          • Aim of the  44 thieves study: To investigate the effects of maternal deprivation on people in order to see whether delinquents have suffered deprivation. According to the Maternal Deprivation Hypothesis, breaking the maternal bond with the child during the early stages of its life is likely to have serious effects on its intellectual, social and emotional development.
            • Evaluation of Bowlby's hypothesis: The supporting evidence that Bowlby (1944) provided was in the form of clinical interviews of, and retrospective data on, those who had and had not been separated from their primary caregiver.This meant that Bowlby was asking the participants to look back and recall separations.These memories may not be accurate. Bowlby designed and conducted the experiment himself. This may have lead to experimenter bias. Particularly as he was responsible for making the diagnosis of affectionless psychopathy.
              • Conclusion: Affectionless psychopaths show little concern for others and are unable toform relationships. Bowlby concluded that the reason for the anti-social behaviour andemotional problems in the ?rst group was due to maternal deprivation.
                • He  suggested there was a link between early separations and emotional maladjustment.
        • His research method was to interview families
  • Disruption: an interference occurred in an attachment/bond
  • Another point of MDH:                          -having a continuous relationship must be maintained in that condition during the critical time period which is before 2 and a half years. Otherwise if the relationship starts to become   discontinuous then the infant will be emotionally unstable
    • The other  main point:       -The MDH suggests the word 'maternal'. Bolwby carefully selected this word to propose that an attachment needn't to occur between a mother and infant but sometimes more realistically with a mother substitute

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