DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT

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  • DISRUPTION OF ATTACHMENT
    • An attachment is formed, but then disrupted causing the infant become distressed.
    • Caused by separation (Hospital, daycare, school, being in care).
    • EFFECTS OF SEPARATION
      • PDD MODEL:  PROTEST DESPAIR DETACHMENT (Short Term Separation)
      • Spitz and Wolf (1946) 100 normal children placed in care became depressed within few months.
      • Robertson and Robertson, Bowlby (1952) - observed children in hospital.
        • Laura aged 2 - in hospital for 8 days becomes quiet and 'settles' as no caregiver.
        • John - no nurse attended long enough to understand him, father's visits did little to ease him. Became distressed and when sees mother screams and struggles. (DETACHMENT)
        • Jane Lucy Thomas and Kate - Fathers visits maintain emotion links, Kate sees mother in hosptial. All adjusted well, did not reject mothers when reunited.
        • BABIES BECOME EMOTIONALLY DISTURBED WITHOUT PARENTS. 3rd STUDY: IF HAVE EMOTIONAL CARE CAB ADJUST BETTER.
    • EVALUATION
      • Bohman and Sigvardsson (1979) studied over 600 adopted children in Sweden 26% problem children at 11, ten years later all normal. Can reverse damage.
      • Role of triggers - Bifulco et al (1992) 249 women lost mothers before 17 were twice as likely to suffer depressive disorders as adults. Early disruption makes people more vulnerable as can trigger disorders.

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