Institutional aggression

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  • Created by: Amy
  • Created on: 11-02-13 12:26
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  • Discuss how institutional aggression occurs
    • Institutions are organisation set up to serve a particular purpose to a particular group of people
      • Institutional aggression is aggression occuring in these places
        • Prison violence
    • Dispositional model
      • People violent in prisons because of characteristics they possess
      • Importation theory
        • Social histories
          • All previous interactions with people
        • Traits
          • Personality characteristics
        • Age
          • Peer pressure
          • Feel life has been wasted
        • Race
          • May have had to defend themselves from racism
        • Addictions
          • Withdrawal symptoms
          • Need to use aggression to obtain substance
    • Irwin and Cressey
      • Prison subcultures
        • Professional criminals
          • Lack of respect for institution rules
          • Characteristics cause them to be sent to prison
            • Convicts
              • Deprived background
              • Seek power
            • More violent
        • Convicts
          • Deprived background
          • Seek power
        • Conventional
          • One-time offenders
          • Identify more with staff
    • Hafen and Steffensmeier
      • Black inmates more violence but less alcohol and drug-related misconduct
        • Behaved same outside prison
          • Results could be misinterpreted by racists
            • Could be used as evidence to support discrimination
    • Importation theory can't explain why people without violent traits/social histories become violent, vice versa
    • Situational model
      • Prison environment makes people violent
      • Deprivation theory
        • Being deprived causes frustration
          • Causes aggression
            • Relieves frustration
            • Obtain things prisons deprive them of
          • Liberty
            • Autonomy
              • Goods and services
                • Heterosexual relationships
                  • Security
                    • Being deprived causes frustration
                      • Causes aggression
                        • Relieves frustration
                        • Obtain things prisons deprive them of
                      • Liberty
                        • Autonomy
                          • Goods and services
                            • Heterosexual relationships
                              • Security
                                • Being safe from dangerous activities
                              • Friendships and romantic relationships
                          • Freedom to do what you want
                        • Freedom to go wherever you want
                    • Being safe from dangerous activities
                  • Friendships and romantic relationships
              • Freedom to do what you want
            • Freedom to go wherever you want
        • McCorkle
          • Overcrowding,lack of privacy and lack of meaningful activity increase prisoner aggression
            • Only correlational
        • Real-life applications
          • Prison violence can be reduced by reducing overcrowding and giving prisoners more activities to do
            • Socially sensitive
              • People could argue that improving prison conditions defeats the point of prison as a punishment
        • Natural studies
          • High ecological validity
          • Low internal validity
      • Popcorn model
        • Frustration caused by prison situation causes one person to be aggressive, triggering other prisoners to be aggressive
  • Institutions are organisation set up to serve a particular purpose to a particular group of people
    • Institutional aggression is aggression occuring in these places
      • Prison violence

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