Working From Home

  • Created by: TheWarbs
  • Created on: 21-01-19 17:59
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  • Discuss whether some employees should be able to work from home
    • WHAT CONSTITUES WORKING FROM HOME
      • "It is important to recognise that teleworkers should not necessarily be characteried by their use of technology, but by the nature of their work, in that it involves the production and communication of information from home."
        • Jobs that are information based services
          • Managerial positions
          • Organisational work
        • Jobs that are knowledge based
          • Research based work
        • Those in self-employment are by definition people that work from home - it is fundamental to their work that this be allowed
      • "It is work which relies primarily on the processing and creation of information which relies to a large extent on the use of electronic equipment within the home, the results of which are communicated remotely to the client organisation. The remote communications link need not be a direct telecommunications link but could include the use of mail or courier services
    • WHY IS THERE A DEMAND FOR 'WORKING FROM HOME'
      • "Telework has been linked to organisational change, corporate rationalisation, increases in the levels of sub-contracting and the growth of flexible employment patterns such as self-employment. In particular, home-based telework can be linked to the growth in sub-contracting and the growth of self-employed individuals working from home."
        • Higher demand for flexibility in work
          • Far greater corporate reach (globalisation) requires more work to be done at non-traditional times
          • A public expectation of availability and continuity of service.
        • More common usage of computer technology
          • A public expectation of availability and continuity of service.
    • WHAT IS THE IMPACT OF WORKING FROM HOME
      • "ICTs have created conditions for workers to be flexible about working hours and the workplace. Thus, ICT can facilitate the compatibility of family and work. Simultaneously, ICT can increase employers' and custoemrs' expectations that employees are available for work outside regular working hours."
        • KEY NOTE IS EXTENDED AVAILABILITY
          • "We define extended availability for work as a condition in which employees are flexibly accessible to supervisors, coworkers or customers during off-job time and are either explicitly or implicitly required to respond to work request"
            • ADVANTAGES
              • Advantages are based on a worker's perception of how they conduct their work
                • Control over how much work they conduct at home
                  • Overall increase in flexibility of work
                • More control over the place that they work in
                  • Overall increase in flexibility of work
            • DISADVANTAGES
              • Wear on emotional and physical wellbeing
                • Inability to distance self from work increases stress
                • Increase in work day absences
              • Stress on work-family boundaries
                • Creates an inability to differentiate between home time and work time
      • "AT&T’s experience in making telework an essential part of its organizational strategy can serve as a model for other knowledge-based companies looking for new sources of competitive advantage. The promises of telework—reduced real estate costs, productivity gains, higher employee satisfaction and retention—have materialized as measurable returns for AT&T"
        • MOSTLY CORPORATION FOCUSED
          • ADVANTAGES
            • Allows for business continuity in the event of accident and tragedy
            • Overall improvement of productivity
              • More time and manpower available at short notice
              • More manpower generally due to increase corporate reach
                • Workers across the globe
            • Productivity is not tied to time or space
              • Employees can avoid long commutes and are more free to move home etc.
          • DISADVANTAGES
            • Can be incompatible with specific mawnagement styles
            • Teleworkers are less visible by the company and can be overlooked
      • "The first perceives telecommuters as a group of people who prefer this type of work arrangement, since it offers them maximal professional flexibility. The second approach perceives telecommuting as a new form of “slavery” in which individuals are exploited by their employers and work in relatively unacceptable, inferior conditions for low wages."
        • ADDRESSES A WIDE VARIETY OF CONTEXTS
          • SOCIETAL
            • DISADVANTAGES
              • Peopel being cut off from working communities can create an 'autistic' society
            • ADVANTAGES
              • Inclusive method of work for those with disabilities
              • Reduction in strain on infrastructure
                • Reduced traffic, reduced electricity costs etc.
          • INDIVIDUAL
            • ADVANTAGES
              • Improved independence improves sense of responsibility
              • Flexibility allows for better work/home balance
              • Saving time on travel and expenses
            • DISADVANTAGES
              • Isolation from work social contexts
              • Lack of boundaries between work and home
              • Isolated from timely professional assistance
          • CORPORATE
            • ADVANTAGES
              • More availability of human resources
              • Saving in property expenses etc
              • Improved public image
                • Telework is generally considered progressive
            • DISADVANTAGES
              • Expensive to train and supervise more teleworkers
              • Can create new legal issues
              • Negative influence to organisational commitment
                • Less interaction with the company can cause rifts between employees and comapnies
  • "Teleworking in the Countryside"
  • "Teleworking in the Countryside"
  • "Always available..."
  • "Teleworking in the Countryside"
  • ALL WORKER FOCUSED
  • "AT&T adds business continuity"
  • "Advantages and Disadvantages"

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