Disco

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  • Disco
    • Popular in the 1970s
      • This is because this was when amplifiers, turntables and loudspeakers improved a lot.  For the first time, records could be played loudly enough to fill a club with sound
    • It had roots in soul, jazz and funk.
    • The music
      • It is nearly always in 4/4, and is played at about 120 bpm
      • The simple beat made the tunes easy to dance and improviseto
      • It had catchy tunes, and every one had a hook so that people would remember and buy the record
    • The structure
      • Intro: gets attention and sets the mood. Uses the best part of the song to make people listen
      • Verse: same tune, different lyrics. Often 8 bars long
      • Chorus: different tune to the verse, but keeps the same tune and lyrics each time. Often 8 bars long.
      • Middle-8/ Bridge: this is used to stop the verse-chorus pattern getting repetitive. This is an 8-bar section in the middle of the song with new lyrics, chords and feel
      • Coda/ Outro: different to the verse and chorus. It fades out so that the DJ can mix the songs together
    • Instruments:
      • Guitar:
        • Electric guitar: main instrument in a disco line-up. The lead plays the solo tunes
        • Rhythm guitar: strums chords along with the beat. Often muted to stop the chords ringing on and make them sound more percussive
        • Bass guitar: plays short riffs
      • Brass: add stabs, which are nearly always on an offbeat
      • Strings: fill the gaps between the other sounds
      • Drums: acoustic and electronic both play on many disco tracks. Extra percussive sounds are added by drum machines
  • Drums: acoustic and electronic both play on many disco tracks. Extra percussive sounds are added by drum machines

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