Waves of Feminism SOC1507 exam

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  • Created by: Eden Good
  • Created on: 19-04-14 15:30
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  • Different 'waves' of Feminism - SOC1507
    • Wave one- Liberal and Socialist Feminism
      • Key figures: Emmeline Pankhurst, Virginia Woolf, Mary Woolstencraft
      • aim to integrate and change women’s conditions in order to free women for equal participation
        • Women have the same capacity for reason as men. Women have the same intrinsic capabilities as men,therefore the Gender divide is based upon cultural and socialfactors
    • Wave two- Radical Feminism
      • Key Figures: Adrienne Rich, Shulamith Firestone, Nancy Chodorow
      • Women and men are not essentially the same. Women have anessential nature or set of cultural experiences that make their knowledge andunderstanding of the world fundamentally different.
      • Based upon a structural dichotomy or duality produced via patriarchal cultureand, for some feminists, the result of fundamental biological differences.
      • Focuses on difference and identity as opposed to equal participation with men
      • resists integrationinto the patriarchal order.Challenges the very structuresand language of power (eg.structural dichotomies)
    • Wave three- anti-essentialist feminism
      • Key Figures: Judith Butler, Luce Irigaray, Julia Kristeva, Helene Cixous
      • rejection of male defined subjectivity, and of any essential female subjectivity.Identity is not fixed,but fluid & continually deferred.
      • Opens up space for a multi-gendered approach that embraces queer theory & transgendered identities.
        • Rejects both nature and culture, biology and social construction as determinants of socialexistence
      • Focuses upon multiplicity, diversity, plurality. Incorporates sexuality, ethnicity, class, age,disability


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