Diet & Exercise

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  • Diet & Exercise
    • Carbohydrates
      • Provides energy
      • Found in rice, pasta, bread, potatoes, and sugars
    • Proteins
      • Found in meats, fish, nuts, eggs, lentils, and pulses
      • Build tissue
        • Repair damaged tissue
        • Build new tissue in growing bodies (under 18)
      • Made up of amino acids
    • Fats
      • Found in butter, margerine, lard, and oil
      • Provides stored energy
    • Water
      • All chemical reactions that happen in the body happen in a watery environment
    • Fibre
      • Fround in fruit and vegetables
      • Helps prevent constipation
    • Vitamines and minerals
      • Aid general health
      • Lack of them can result in deficiency disease
    • Weight
      • If the amount of energy coming in is more than the amount of energy used then weight gain will occur
        • Result of not execising enough and/or eating too much
      • If the amount of energy coming in is less than the amount of energy used then weight loss will occur
        • Result of not eating enough and/or not doing too much exercise
    • Metabolism
      • Chemical reactions in the body
      • Effected by execise, genetics, muscle mass, amount of fat, and sex
    • Cholesterol
      • Type of fat
      • Excess lcan lead to blocked arteries and heart attacks
    • Type II Diabetes
      • Linked to being overweight
      • Cannot control blood sugar
      • Result ofinsulin not working with the cells in the body to take sugar out of the blood
  • Result ofinsulin not working with the cells in the body to take sugar out of the blood

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