Diet and Metabolic Rate Mindmap

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  • Created by: petrblak
  • Created on: 05-02-16 11:33
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  • Diet and Metabolic Rate
    • Food Groups
      • Protein
        • Used for growth, cell repair, and cell replacement
      • Fibre
        • Keep everything moving smoothly in the digestive system
      • Fats
        • These help the body keep warm and also release energy
      • Vitamins
        • Keep skin, bones, blood and everything else in the body generally healthy
      • Carbohydrates
        • These release energy after being converted into glucose
    • Metabolism is the chemical reactions in your which use energy
      • The spped at which these reactions occur is called your metabolic rate
      • Generally, the bigger the person, the higher their metabolic rate is as the energy has to be given to more cells.
      • Men also generally have a higher metabolic rate than women as they have a larger proportion of muscle, which needs more energy supple than other tissues such as fat.
      • Metabolic rate can also be boosted by doing more exercise as it builds muscle.
        • Having an active job increases metabolic rate.
          • By having a higher metabolic rate, you will need to eat more food or food with higher amounts of energy
            • Thiis means eating more fat and carbohydrates
    • Factors affecting health
      • Excess amounts of carbohydrates or fat in the diet can lead to obesity
        • Obesity can lead to arthritis, type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease
          • It can also increase chance of getting some cancers
      • Eating too little can lead  to malnutrition
        • This can cause growth problems, fatigue, poor resistance to infection and irregular periods.+
          • A lack of vitamin C can lead to scurvy, causing problems with skin, joints and gums


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