Diet and Exercise B1.1

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  • Created by: Axiana_xo
  • Created on: 19-10-15 22:09
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  • Diet and Exercise B1.1
    • Proteins
      • Build new tissue
      • Growth and repair
      • Made up of Amino acids
      • Meat, Fish, Nuts, Egg etc...
    • Carbonhydrates
      • Provide energy
      • If you don't eat enough
        • Provide stored energy
      • Rice, Pasta, Bread, Potato etc...
        • also found in sugars
    • Fats
      • Provide stored energy
      • Oil, Butter, Margarine etc..
    • Water
      • 70% is in our body
      • Chemical reactions
        • in the body happen in a watery environment
    • Fibre
      • helps prevent constipation
      • Fruit & Veg
    • Vitamins & Minerals
      • Healthy functioning of the body
    • If we don't have a balanced diet
      • Malnutrition
        • can lead to you being
          • Overweight
            • If you take in more energy than you use
            • Type II Diabetes
              • cannot control blood sugar
              • Insulin
                • Not being recognised by the cells in the body
                • Not working with body cells to take out sugar in blood
          • Underweight
            • If you take in less energy than you use
  • If we don't have a balanced diet
    • Malnutrition
      • can lead to you being
        • Overweight
          • If you take in more energy than you use
          • Type II Diabetes
            • cannot control blood sugar
            • Insulin
              • Not being recognised by the cells in the body
              • Not working with body cells to take out sugar in blood
        • Underweight
          • If you take in less energy than you use
  • Metabolism
    • Low
      • Burn calories slower
      • Less Chemical reactions
    • Chemical reactions
      • that take place in the body
        • E.g. burn more calories
    • High
      • Burn calories quicker
      • More Chemical reactions
    • Affected by
      • amount of exercise you do
      • Genetics
      • Muscle : Fat
  • Cholestoral
    • Too much can lead to
      • Blocked arteries  (near heart)
        • Heart attacks
    • Type of fat:  required to make cell membranes

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