PE AQA AS PHED 1 NUTRITION

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: mylie101
  • Created on: 13-05-16 18:57
View mindmap
  • DIET
    • CARBOHYDRATES
      • High intensities
      • converts into GLYCOGEN which is then stored as GLUCOSE  which is then released into the bloodstream.
      • SIMPLE: sweets, fruit, chocolate. COMPLEX: bread, rice, pasta.
      • EXCESS is stored as ADIPOSE TISSUE (Fat)
    • FATS
      • Low intensities.
      • SATURATED: increase risk of heart disease and high cholesterol. Found in MEAT and DAIRY
      • MONOUNSATURATED: decreases the risk of high cholesterol and heart disease. Found in OLIVE OIL and AVOCADOS.
      • POLYUNSATURATED FATS: Also decreases risk of high cholesterol and heart diseases but not as much as monousaturated fats. Found in SUNFLOWER OIL.
      • OMEGA 3: OILY FISH. OMEGA 6: SUNFLOWER OIL.
      • Fats help to act as an insulator for the body. They are essential for fat soluble vitamins. Fats surround the vital organs, providing a protective layer
    • PROTEIN
      • Essential for muscle growth an repair
      • Provide amino acids which are needed for the creation of hormones and enzymes
      • Found in: MEAT, EGG, NUTS
      • Protein Supplements can also be taken, however this should not be an essential and should be mainly used as a meal replacement for those who do not consume enough protein.
    • VITAMINS
      • Essential for the body to function adequately as they improve EYE SIGHT, SKIN, KERATIN IN HAIR, IMMUNE SYSTEM.
      • FAT SOLUBLE VITAMINS: A, D, E, K.
        • FATS
          • Low intensities.
          • SATURATED: increase risk of heart disease and high cholesterol. Found in MEAT and DAIRY
          • MONOUNSATURATED: decreases the risk of high cholesterol and heart disease. Found in OLIVE OIL and AVOCADOS.
          • POLYUNSATURATED FATS: Also decreases risk of high cholesterol and heart diseases but not as much as monousaturated fats. Found in SUNFLOWER OIL.
          • OMEGA 3: OILY FISH. OMEGA 6: SUNFLOWER OIL.
          • Fats help to act as an insulator for the body. They are essential for fat soluble vitamins. Fats surround the vital organs, providing a protective layer
      • Vitamin Supplements can also be taken, however this should not be an essential part of an individual's or an athletes diet.
    • MINERALS
      • CALCIUM: Essential for the development and structure of bone and teeth.
      • PHOSPHOROUS: Essential component for ATP and PC.
      • IRON: Major component of haemoglobin, help to increase the amount of o2 in red blood cells.
      • SODIUM + POTASSIUM + CHLORINE = ELECTROLYTES which are essential for the transportation of waste products and nutrients.
    • WATER
      • 60% of our body is made up of water. Water helps to decrease the risk of dehydration. it helps to reduce blood's viscosity.
      • A lack of water would cause the body's core temperature to increase, sweating to be reduced in order to conserve fluids, dizziness and an increased heart rate.
      • Isotonic drinks can also be used in order to help boost energy and increase the amount of electrolytes within the body.
    • FIBRE
      • Improves the functioning of the digestive system. Found in WHEAT BREAD, BROWN RICE.
      • SOLUBLE: Helps to lower cholesterol by reducing the absorption of fats.
      • INSOLUBLE: Absorbs water to help excrete waste from the body.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Physical Education resources:

See all Physical Education resources »See all NUTRITION resources »