Diet mind map

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  • Diet
    • Carbohydrate
      • Sugary carbohydrates
        • Jam, Honey, sugary cereals and drinks
      • starchy carbohydrates
        • Pasta, bread, potatoes
      • Main source of Energy for the body
        • Too little energy- body becomes tired, gallstones, heart problems and nausea
        • Too much energy- stored as fat, person becomes overweight by having too much energy in diet
    • Protein
      • Meat, fish, eggs, cheese
      • Lack of protein can cause muscle weakness, low blood pressure and heart rate
      • Helps the body repair and make new cells, build stronger muslces
    • Fibre
      • Brown rice, wheat, oats, nuts, whole wheat cereals
      • Helps move undigested food along the gut
      • Lack of fibre increases chances of bowel cancer
    • Fats
      • Oil, butter, margarine
      • Too much causes high cholesterol levels causing heart disease and gaining weight
      • Gives the body energy, helps cell growth, cushons main organs and help the body absorb vitamins
    • Vitamins
      • Vitamin C
        • Citrus fruits e.g lime, oranges
        • Lack of causes scurvy, creating skin problems and bleeding gums
        • Helps to protect cells, healing wounds and maintains connective tissue
      • Vitamin D
        • Oily fish such as salmon, sardines and mackrel,  cheese and egg yolk
        • Helps regulate amount of calcium in the body and keep bones and teeth healthy
      • Vitamin A
        • Lack of results in night blindness, kidney stones and increased infections
        • Sweet potatoes, carrots, dark leafy greens and fish
        • Helps immune system work against infections, help vision and keep skin healthy
    • Minerals
      • Iron
        • Brown rice, white and red meat, nuts, fish
        • Lack of causes anemia(reduced number of blood cells),tiredness, shortness of breath and headache
        • Helps make red blood cells that carry oxygen around the body
      • Calcium
        • Dairy foods, milk, eggs, cheese and yougurt
        • Lack of causes hypoglycemia, muscle cramps, numbness of fingers and mental confusion
        • Help build strong bones, regulate muscle contractions
      • Potassium
        • Beans, yogurt, bananas and dark leafy greens
        • Lack of can cause, dehydration, tiredness, palpatations
        • Helps control balance of fluids in the body and the correct functioning of the heart muscles
      • Sodium
        • High salty foods, olives, pickles, canned vegetables
        • Lack of causes, seizures, tiredness, headache and muscle cramps
        • Helps keep fluids in the body balanced and help the body digest food
    • Water
      • Enables cells and organs to function
      • Creates sulvia and fluids around joints in the body
      • Helps regulate body temperature
      • Not enough water will cause dehydration, causing organs to gradually shut down. then death
      • get it from water, watermelon, strawberries, tea, coffee, pineapple and grapefuit
  • Main source of Energy for the body
    • Too little energy- body becomes tired, gallstones, heart problems and nausea
    • Too much energy- stored as fat, person becomes overweight by having too much energy in diet

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