Diagnosis of dysfunctional behaviour

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Diagnosis of Dysfuntional Behaviours
    • Categories of Dysfunctional Behaviour
      • International Classifications of Disease (ICD - 10) (1992)
        • World Health organisation - in switzerland (it is a neutral country without biases)
        • Both physical and mental conditions
        • Snapshot
        • Coding of A00-Z99. More possible categories (dementia, schizophrenia, mood (affecting) disorders, personality disorders
        • Reductionist
      • Diagnostic and Statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM - IV)
        • Over 1000 people used to produce this
        • Field trials used before publication
        • Empirical research sed to support the criteria
        • Made in USA and main diagnostic tool there as well. tried to highlight ethnic diversity.
        • Multi-axial tool. Axis 1 - clinical disorders. Axis 2 - personality disorders
        • Scale from 1-100
        • Holistic
        • Classifications: learning disorders, communication disorders, dementia, substance - related disorders, sleep disorders, sexual and gender identity disorders.
      • Chinese Classification of mental disorders (CCDM)
        • Very ethnocentric
    • Definitions of Dysfunctional Behaviour - Rosenhan & Seligman
      • 1. Statistical Infrequency
        • Abnormal behaviour = Not seen very often in society. However this includes high IQ or stamp collecting and doesn't include substance abuse, which is quite common.
      • 2. Deviation from Norm
        • This behaviour isn't approved by society. However this means that some behaviour is dysfunctional is particular cultures and not in others.
      • 3. Failure to Function Adequately
        • Not functioning in a way that enables them to live independently in society. Obsessive compulsive disorders, phobias, unpredictable behaviours, disorders that make others uncomfortable, irrational behaviours.
      • 4. Deviation from Ideal Mental Health
        • Jahoda suggests that ideal mental health is when you:
          • Have a positive view of yourself
          • Be capable of some personal growth
          • Be independent and self - regulating
          • Have an accurate view of reality
          • Be resistant to stress
          • Be able to adapt to your enviroment
    • Biases in Diagnosis - Ford & Widiger
      • AIM - To find out if clinicians were stereotyping gender when diagnosing disorders
      • METHODOLOGY - Self report, where health practitioners were given scenarios and asked to make a diagnosis. IV = gender. DV = diagnosis.
      • PARTICIPANTS - Final sample of 354 clinical psychologist chosen randomly from national register (1983) with a mean of 15.6 years of clinical experience. 266 responded to case histories.
      • DESIGN - Independant. Each participant was given a male, female or sex-unspecified case study
      • PROCEDURE - Participants were randomly given 1 of the 9 case studies (case studies of patients with ASPD or HPD or an unequal balance of symptoms from both disorders)asked to diagnose the illness on a 7 point scale the extend to which the patients appeared to have one of these 9 didorders
        • Dysthymic
        • Antisocial
        • Adjustment
        • Passive aggressive
        • Borderline personality disorder
        • Histronic
        • Alcohol abuse
      • FINDINGS - Sex-unspecified cases were diagnosed most often with borderline personality disorder.
        • ASPD was correctly diagnosed 42% of the time in males and 15% in females. females with ASPD was were misdiagnosed with HPD 46% of the time. Whereas with males only 15% of the time.
          • HPD was correctly diagnosed 76% with females and 44% with males.
      • CONCLUSION - Practitioners are biased by stereotypical views of genders.
  • Cyclothymic disorders
    • PROCEDURE - Participants were randomly given 1 of the 9 case studies (case studies of patients with ASPD or HPD or an unequal balance of symptoms from both disorders)asked to diagnose the illness on a 7 point scale the extend to which the patients appeared to have one of these 9 didorders
      • Dysthymic
      • Antisocial
      • Adjustment
      • Passive aggressive
      • Borderline personality disorder
      • Histronic
      • Alcohol abuse

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Health and clinical psychology resources »