Diabetes

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  • DIABETES
    • TYPE 2
      • What is it?
        • When a person's body is resistant to insulin
        • Cells don't respond to insulin properly
        • Typically affects people over 40
        • Most common type - 85 - 95% of cases are Type 2
      • Initial symptoms
        • Increased thirst, hunger and production of urine
        • Weight loss
        • Tiredness
        • Nausea
      • Later symptoms
        • Abdominal pain
        • Vomiting
      • Treatment
        • Small regular meals stabilise blood glucose levels
        • Avoid sugary foods to prevent levels rising
        • Exercise lowers blood glucose levels
    • TYPE 1
      • What is it?
        • Body doesn't produce enough insulin
        • Insulin producing cells are destroyed
      • Initial Symptoms
        • Increased thirst, hunger and production of urine
        • Weight loss
        • Tiredness
        • Nausea
      • Later symptoms
        • Abdominal pain
        • Vomiting
      • Treatment
        • Inject insulin before meals to keep blood glucose at a safe level
          • Inject into subcutaneous fat (directly beneath skin)
        • Insulin pump therapy
          • Allows insulin to flow into your bloodstream at a rate you can control
    • Glucose is a type of sugar used by the body to provide energy
    • People with Diabetes are unable to regulate their blood glucose levels

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