Diabetes Mindmap

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  • Type 1
    • Diabetes
      • Type 2
        • Healthy diet and exercise can treat it; with medication and/or insulin
        • Usually occurs in over 40s (or around 25 for South Asians)
        • Accounts for between 85% and 95% of diabetes cases
        • Acquired through poor diet
      • Treatments
        • Insulin Pump
          • No injections required so more convenient and less risk of infection
        • Pancreas Transplant
          • Islets of Langerhans
          • Only around 60% success rate
        • Animal Insulin
          • Can be rejected by body
          • Ethical / religious issues with animals
          • Used to be very popular but was overtaken by genetically engineered insulin
        • Genetically Engineered Insulin
          • No risk of rejection
          • Readily available
        • Stem Cell Treatment
          • Not yet developed
      • Symptoms
        • Going to the toilet more
        • Being very thirsty
        • Feeling tired
        • Losing weight without trying (only type 1)
        • Genital itching
        • Cuts take longer to heal
        • Blurred vision
    • Insulin injections or pumps are required
    • Usually occurs in under 40s
    • Accounts for 10% of adult diabetes
    • Hereditary

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