Developments in public health and welfare

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  • Developments in public health and welfare
    • Public health and hygiene from medieval period - 17th century.
      • Henry VII passed laws forbidding slaughter houses within cities.
      • Henry VIII - act of parliament- towns and cities power to impose tax on building sewers.
      • outbreaks of Plague in London.
        • not a healthy place to live.
      • the great Fire of London 1666
        • Act of Parliamentpassed - widen streets.
    • The impact of industrialisation on public health - 19th century
      • sir Henry de la beech - public health in Merthyr
        • asked to investigate public health in Merthyr
        • report identified unhygenicconditions
        • Rammel Report
      • The work of Edwin Chadwick
        • 1832- appointed Poor Law Commissioner
        • believed in miasma theory but thought there was more too it.
        • 1842 - published report on sanitary conditionsof Britain
          • parliament should make sanitation and drainage effective.
        • local authorities should collect refuge & improve water supplies.
      • The 1848 Public Health act
        • set up a board of health.
        • Towns could volunteer to set up their own health board.
          • 182 towns had done so by 1854.
        • didn't force local authorities to act.
        • 1854 - gov closed down the board of health.
      • More improvements in Public Health.
        • 1859 - London had new sewage system.
        • Sanitary Act of 1866.
        • the Public health act of 1875
        • the Artisans' Dwellings Act of 1875 - councils could clear slums.
      • Reservoirsin Wales
        • Liverpool & Lake Vyrnwy - 1889
        • Birmingham & the Elan Valley - 1904
    • Efforts to improve housing and pollution - 20th century
      • 1918 - David Lloyd George PM promised to clear slums.
        • replacing with 'homes fit for heroes'
      • the Housing Act of 1919 - council houses built
      • The Beverage Report of 1942 - more homes were built to tackle squalor.
      • 1.25 million homes built by 1951.
      • 1960's - slums replaced by blocks of flats.
      • 1968 - welsh House Condition Survey - 92,000 hones were unfit for habitation.
        • increase in building new homes.
      • December 1952 - the 'Great Smog' over 4,000  people died.
      • Clean Air Act passed in 1956 - introducedsmokelesscities.
        • tried to relocate power stations away from cities.
    • Local & government attempts to improve public health - 21st century.
      • encouraged a healthier lifestyle.
      • the '5 a day' campaign
      • 'Be Active' - Brmingham - 2008
        • £23 goes to health benefits for every £1 made.
      • The eat well guide
        • March 2016
      • it depicts a healthy, balanced diet which includes eating your 5 a day.

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