Industralisation and Technology

  • Created by: K4typ
  • Created on: 30-05-18 13:26
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  • Industrialisation and technology
    • Revolutionary 1792-1802
      • Both wars had features of modern warfare – large armies + mobilisation 
    • Napoleonic 1803-1815
      • French workshops at St Etienne Produced 97,000 handguns by 1809 had been under 26,000 under the ancien regime  
    • Crimean War 1851-1853
      • Development of steam engine
        • quicker mobilisation
      • electric telegraph
        • greater impact of public opinion
      • mass produced musket rifle
        • quicker rate of fire men issued with new lee-enfield rifle
      • important in determining outcome
        • depsite Russia having over a million men due to the lack of industralisation and railways they where unable to mobilize quickly
    • American Civil War 1861-65
      • One steam -ship could carry enough supplies for 2 days for 40,000 men and 18,000 horses
      • horses still used in the majority
      • The North produced 97% of firearms in 1860
        • 94% of pigiron
          • 90% of its boots
            • had twice as much railways as the south
              • Had 6 times more factories than the south
                • ten times its industrial capacity
    • WW1 1914-18
      • Despite there being developments in technology General joffree in WW1 said that the "french army returning to its traditions no longer knows any other law than that of the attack"
      • Haig Reintroduced the lance in 1909 - the machine gun was created in 1886
      • Despite there being significant developments in transport  and good railways the schlifflen plan failed due to its inflexibility and over complex planning
      • D increase in steel production 3.16 million tons 1890 – 13.15 mil tons 1910
      • masks developed to reduced effect of gas.
      • Indsutralisation led to chemical warfare and a more destructive nature of warfare as a whole
      • Machine guns gave the defender the advantage there was some resistance to new weapons
      • introduction of field telephone in WW1
    • WW2 1939-45
      • Intial improvements on aircraft and tanks
      • development of radar
      • Enigma machine
      • Atomic bomb 1945 hiroshima and Nagasaki
    • Wars of Unification
      • Prussian industralisation --> quick mobalisation and it being able to supply troops with modern weaponry
    • Russo-Japanese War
      • Despite being outnumbered Japan with its superior British designed  war-ships where able to move its troops quickly to the theater of conflict
      • Russia reliant on the 1 line 5000 mile trans-Siberian railway


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