Developmental Approach Studies (AS)

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  • Developmental Approach
    • Freud
      • Aim - Report the treatment of a five year old boy and his fear of horses.
      • Method - Case study, father observed and talked to little hans - sent via correspondence to freud.
      • Findings - Giraffe fantasy/ horses with black bits and blinkers/ Children fantasy/Plumber fantasy
      • Conclusion - Supports oedipus complex and phalic stage
      • Participants - A five year old boy (little hans) with a phobia of horses.
    • Samuel and Bryant
      • Aim - Challenge piagets findings.
      • Participants - 252 children ages 5-8 from Devon
      • Method - Split into age (5,6,7,8)/ Split into 1Q/2Q/Fixed array and each partake in mass,volume and number
      • Results - Older = less errors/number - easiest/ volume - hardest/ 1q- least errors
      • Conclusion - Prove piaget wrong as 2Q condition (standard) confused the children but proved him right with his theory of age and number making least errors
    • Bandura
      • Aim - imitation of aggression in children
      • Participants - 36 boys + 36 girls mean age 52 months
      • Method - Groups = Agg model, Non Agg model + Control group/ Room 1 - See model/ Room 2 - mild aggression arousal/ Room 3 - Observation
      • Results - Agg model condition = more agg response/ boys more physical agg/ male model = more influential/ "that is not a way for a lady to behave"
      • Conclusion -Children learn social behaviour through observation

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