Developmental Approach and Studies

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  • Developmental Approach
    • Assumes that behaviour changes with age, which may be due to the influence of nature and nurture.
      • The approach looks at the biological, cognitive, social and emotional changes that occur in people over time.
    • Strengths
      • Useful, as it has practical applications in everyday life.
      • Scientific, as a preferred research method is a controlled lab method.
    • Weakness
      • Ethical concerns, as it involves studying children.
      • Preferred way of collecting data is self-report, influenced by demand Cs and social Ds.
    • Studies
      • Samuel & Bryant
        • It shows that when children grow up their cognitive abilities develop, so they can cope and understand increasingly complex ideas; this is shown in the study with the child's ability to conserve (volume, mass and number), which gets better with age.
      • Bandura
        • It focuses on the social process of how children learn about behaving aggressively. It links with the development of moral understanding and behaviour.
      • Freud
        • Little Hans' behaviour relates to Freud's theory of psychosexual development. Phallic stage and Oedipus complex.


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