Developmental Attachment

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  • Developmental
    • Strange Situation
      • 100 middle-class American infants and mothers.
      • 1. Mother and child introduced to the room.
        • 2. Mother and child left in room to play with toys.
          • 3. Stranger enters room, talks to mother. Approaches infant with toy.
            • 4. Mother leaves child alone with stranger. Stranger plays with child.
              • 5. Mother returns and greets and comforts the child.
                • 6. Child left on own.
                  • 7. Stranger returns and tries to interact with child.
                    • 8. Mother returns, greets and picks up child. Stranger leaves.
    • Types of Attachment
      • Securely Attached
        • 66%
        • Mothers are sensitive.
        • Explore room. Subdued when mother left, positively greeted her when returned.
      • Avoidant-Insecure
        • 22%
        • Mothers sometimes ignored infants.
        • Didn't orientate to mother when exploring. Not concerned by her absence. Little interest when she returned.
      • Resistant-Insecure
        • 12%
        • Mothers behaved ambivalently.
        • Intense distress, especially when mother is absent. Rejected her when she returned.
    • Meta Analysis Study
    • Ethical Issues
      • The code of ethics and conduct.
      • Harlow's monkeys didn't develop properly. They were abusive and had trouble mating.
      • The strange situation can distress children, causing psychological damage.
    • Correlation
      • Refers to the extent to which values on different variables co-vary.
      • Correlation Coefficient
        • Descriptive statistic with a numerical value between -1 and +1. It demonstrates the direction and strength of any relationship existing between two sets of data.
      • Correlational Analysis
        • Technique used to test a hypothesis using an association that is measured between two variables that are thought to co-vary.
    • Methodological
      • Analysis of methods used in a study.
    • Institutional Care
      • Effects of privation.
        • Untitled
    • Learning Theory
      • Classical Conditioning
        • A neutral stimulus is partied with a stimulus that already produces a response, so that over time, the neutral stimulus also produces that response.
      • Harlow's Infant Monkeys
        • Baby monkeys placed in a cage with a wire mesh mother providing food and a clothed mother providing comfort. If food was the cause of attachment monkeys should form an attachment to wire mesh mother with food. However, the monkeys preferred comfort mother.
  • Learning Theory
    • Classical Conditioning
      • A neutral stimulus is partied with a stimulus that already produces a response, so that over time, the neutral stimulus also produces that response.
    • Harlow's Infant Monkeys
      • Baby monkeys placed in a cage with a wire mesh mother providing food and a clothed mother providing comfort. If food was the cause of attachment monkeys should form an attachment to wire mesh mother with food. However, the monkeys preferred comfort mother.

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