Development of attachment

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  • Development of attachment
    • Schaffer and Emerson study
      • 60 babies (31m-29f) from Glasgow, from working-class families
      • The babies were visited every month for a year and again at 18m
        • R asked about the babies kind of protests in seven seperations (measure of seperation anxiety)
      • F = 25 to 32 weeks 50% of babies showed signs of SA to a specific person
      • F = by 40W 80% has sepcific attachments - 30% multipul attachments
    • 1) Asocial
      • Recognising/ forming bonds with carers
        • Some preference for familiar adults
      • Similar behaviour towards nonhuman objects and humans
    • 2) Indiscriminate attachment
      • 2-7 months more social behaviour. Prefer humans to objects
      • Accept comfort from anyone - dont show seperation/ stranger anxiety
    • 3) Specific attachment
      • 7+M anxious when seperated from specific adults and show stranger anxiety
        • Primary attachment figure
          • Attentive to signals
    • 4) Multipul attachments
      • Extend attachment to other adults who they often spend time with
        • Secondary attachment
    • Sample
      • All from WC families ad Glasgow
        • Cant generalise to others outside these catagories
      • Uneven amounts
    • Unreliable data
      • Mothers measured = less/more sensitive to child
        • Less likely to report
          • Systematic bias and social desireability bias
    • Good external validity
      • Carried out in families homes = not affected by observers
        • Behaving naturally = GEV
    • Cultural differences
      • P believe babies have multipul attachments from the outset


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