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  • Development
    • definitions
      • GDP - measures the value of economic activity within a country.
      • HDI - is a statistical tool used to measure a country's overall achievement in its social and economic dimensions.
      • Literacy rate is the percentage of people in a certain sample of population or country that have the ability to read and write
      • Birth rates is the number of live births per thousand of population per year.
      • Death rates - the ratio of deaths to the population of a particular area or during a particular period of time
      • Political corruption -  Corruption is the misuse of public power (by elected politician or appointed civil servant) for private gain.
      • The Happiness Index is defined as the weighted (by sampling weights) rate of respondents reporting “Very happy” or “Quite happy”
    • Factors of development
      • Physical factors - these are factors that are caused by the environment
      • economic factors - Good levels of employment, high incomelevels. There has been a movement away from primary industry,towards higher employment in secondary and tertiary jobs.
      • Political Factors – Limited corruption, peaceful relations withother countries, freedom of speech and the right to vote for all.
      • Technological Factors – access to the internet andtelecommunications. High levels of investment in technology.
      • Social Factors – Good access to health care, access to a freeeducation. Good standards of housing. Opportunities for leisureand recreation.
      • Psychological Factors – Happiness, security, freedom,democracy.
    • uneven development
      • Why is the world unevenly developed? There are many factors which lead to, and have led to, the world being unevenly developed. From historical human factors such as conflict (war) and political instability, to physical factors such as climate, relief and natural hazards.
      • Countries within the EU have different levels of development. In general, the older members of the EU have higher levels of GNP than those that have joined the EU recently. These countries form the economic core of Europe. The UK and France are two examples. Countries forming the economic periphery of the EU tend to be newer members of the EU, such as Bulgaria.
    • Malawi
      • Malawi is one of the least developed countries in the world, according the World Bankand UN.It is a landlocked country and a former British colony. It has issues with HIV/Aids and ahistory of conflict and corruption, in the past.
      • The core and periphery model states that some areas develop faster because they have human and physical advantages. These areasturn into a core area of growth and investment. Other areas that lack human and physical advantages become less important, they are lefton the periphery.
      • Lilongwe is the capital city. However, it does not have the same level of business andcommerce as the larger city, Blantyre. It does not even have a cinema.


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