Geography Theme 3 Development 4 - 6

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  • Created by: Bethan3
  • Created on: 21-04-16 07:46
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  • Can be...
    • Measured Economically (GDP)
      • GDP
      • Gross National Income or GNI
        • STEP 1 Add total value of good and services
          • STEP 2 Divide by population
        • Brandt Line - development gap
          • MEDC
            • High Income
          • Less Economically Developed Country - LEDC
    • social improvements
      • Health
        • Sub Saharan Africa
          • Highest infant mortality
            • improved health
              • mosquitoes net
                • can entirely preventable
                • Insecticide treated bed nets
                  • 50% 2007
                    • 8% 1997
                  • positive
                    • £3
                    • Nothing but Nets - Charity
                    • Ministry for Health distribute
                    • 50% 2007
                      • 8% 1997
                  • Negative
                    • resistance of mosquitoes to insecticide
                    • New drugs needed
                    • poor people most impact
                      • Cycle of poverty and malaria
                        • Children
                        • Malaria
                          • No job
                            • Cycle of poverty and malaria
                              • Children
                              • Malaria
                                • No job
                        • Pregnant women
                        • Poor immune systems - elderly
            • endemic mean constantly around
              • 90%of deaths in africa
                • lake Malawi
                  • ideal breeding mosquitoes
                  • highland areas - cooler and dryer
                  • greater rural deaths
                    • limited health care
                    • poor buildings homes
                    • limited access to Malaria Drugs
                    • Longer travelling
                    • seasonal
            • 90%of deaths in africa
              • lake Malawi
                • ideal breeding mosquitoes
                • highland areas - cooler and dryer
                • greater rural deaths
                  • limited health care
                  • poor buildings homes
                  • limited access to Malaria Drugs
                  • Longer travelling
                  • seasonal
        • education
          • Girls expected to help family - Subsistence
            • Collect water
            • Collect firewood
          • Poor not afford school
          • Improvements?
            • Raise status
            • Improve chances
            • reduce family size - fertility rate
              • India
                • trend - female Literacy / Fertility
        • Wealth
      • Development
        • Targets
          • Millennium Develop Goals 2000 - 2015
            • Sustainable DevelopmentGoals 2015 - 2030
            • MDG
        • Is the development gap closing?
          • 1960 - 2007
            • Life expectancy
              • increased
              • decreased
                • AIDS
                  • Zimbabwe 55 - 33
            • MEDC
              • obese
                • NHS Cost £5 billion
                • social effects on society
        • Development is....
          • reduced
            • gap richest to poorest
            • poverty
          • ensuring
            • education
          • increased
            • freedom speech
            • wealth
          • clean water
        • safety
          • conflict
          • terrorism
    • basic needs met
      • food
      • Development
        • Targets
          • Millennium Develop Goals 2000 - 2015
            • Sustainable DevelopmentGoals 2015 - 2030
            • MDG
        • Is the development gap closing?
          • 1960 - 2007
            • Life expectancy
              • increased
              • decreased
                • AIDS
                  • Zimbabwe 55 - 33
            • MEDC
              • obese
                • NHS Cost £5 billion
                • social effects on society
        • Development is....
          • reduced
            • gap richest to poorest
            • poverty
          • ensuring
            • education
          • increased
            • freedom speech
            • wealth
          • clean water
        • safety
          • conflict
          • terrorism
      • shelter
      • Water
        • PART 2 DEVELOP MENT AND WATER
          • 4% water fresh water
          • surface stores
            • Lakes
            • Reservoirs
              • Water Supply
            • 47000 large Dams
            • Water harvesting
          • DEVELOP MENT ISSUE MDG
            • Water use varies
              • MEDC 1304 litres per day
                • Expensive
                  • LEDC 22 Litres per day
                    • Rural
                      • Carry water large distances
                        • Heavy
                        • Time consuming
                  • Water Transfer
                • Non Essential Swimming pools
              • LEDC 22 Litres per day
                • Rural
                  • Carry water large distances
                    • Heavy
                    • Time consuming
            • Halve no access to water
        • Sanitation - safe disposal of waste water
          • 10% all disease
          • Diarrhoea 17% deaths U5
            • Poor Diet
            • INTESTINAL WORMS
    • Asia 48 - 64
    • Mali $350
    • $1 per day
    • married later in life
      • provide better education for offspring
        • reduce family size - fertility rate
          • India
            • trend - female Literacy / Fertility
    • mosquitoes net
      • can entirely preventable
      • Insecticide treated bed nets
        • positive
          • £3
          • Nothing but Nets - Charity
          • Ministry for Health distribute
        • Negative
          • resistance of mosquitoes to insecticide
          • New drugs needed
          • poor people most impact
            • Pregnant women
            • Poor immune systems - elderly
    • Geology
      • groundwater stores - water in rocks
        • water trapped in fractures / spaces
          • recharge - water entering the rock
          • Discharge - water moving out
      • PART 2 DEVELOP MENT AND WATER
        • 4% water fresh water
        • surface stores
          • Lakes
          • Reservoirs
            • Water Supply
          • 47000 large Dams
          • Water harvesting
        • DEVELOP MENT ISSUE MDG
          • Water use varies
            • MEDC 1304 litres per day
              • Expensive
                • Water Transfer
              • Non Essential Swimming pools
          • Halve no access to water
    • Informal Settlements
      • forced to buy
        • Up to 50 x as expensive as Europeans
    • Climate
    • SOUTH AFRICA
      • LESOTHO - Highlands Water Project (LHWP)
        • Advantages
      • Improving Water supplies
        • URBAN
          • Johannesburg
            • Soweto
              • IVORY PARK
            • Water infrastructure
              • 50 - 60 percent leaked
              • positive
                • repair jobs
                  • improved services
              • negative
                • Rusty pipes
                • Limited water at night
            • LHWP
            • Improve QOL
              • Replace all INFORMAL HOUSING
              • tarring roads - 232 km
              • 16427 street lights added
                • SO make it safer
              • 31 million Rand on Parks
                • SO families can enjoy safe leisure time
        • Rural areal
          • remote
          • isolated
            • Too poor for Bore Hole ABSTRACTION
          • Large population
            • Rely on RAINWATER HARVESTING
              • sustainable water Management
                • NO negative impacts on drainage basin
                • affordable
                • communities
                  • easy to maintain with skills locals
                • Households
                  • easy to maintain with skills locals
                • FOG Harvesting
                  • LIMPOPO
                    • Negatives
                      • Not foggy every day
                        • repairs essential
                          • foggiest sites far from rural communities
                    • Positive
                      • repair little training
                        • Groundwater contaminated
                        • No electric required
              • cheap small scale
    • GeographicalPatterns of rainfall Not match Population Density
      • UK High Population
        • Low Rainfall
      • UK Highest Rainfall
        • Low Population
      • Supply Issues
      • SOUTH AFRICA
        • LESOTHO - Highlands Water Project (LHWP)
          • Advantages
        • Improving Water supplies
          • URBAN
            • Johannesburg
              • Soweto
                • IVORY PARK
              • Water infrastructure
                • 50 - 60 percent leaked
                • positive
                  • repair jobs
                    • improved services
                • negative
                  • Rusty pipes
                  • Limited water at night
              • LHWP
              • Improve QOL
                • Replace all INFORMAL HOUSING
                • tarring roads - 232 km
                • 16427 street lights added
                  • SO make it safer
                • 31 million Rand on Parks
                  • SO families can enjoy safe leisure time
          • Rural areal
            • remote
            • isolated
              • Too poor for Bore Hole ABSTRACTION
            • Large population
              • Rely on RAINWATER HARVESTING
                • sustainable water Management
                  • NO negative impacts on drainage basin
                  • affordable
                  • communities
                    • Households
                      • FOG Harvesting
                        • LIMPOPO
                          • Negatives
                            • Not foggy every day
                              • repairs essential
                                • foggiest sites far from rural communities
                          • Positive
                            • repair little training
                              • Groundwater contaminated
                              • No electric required
                    • cheap small scale
          • Seasonal Rainfall
        • 539 large dams
          • Many still NO access to water
          • practical
            • use contours to catch RUN OFF
            • Infrastructure cheap (nets and poles)
            • TRANS NATIONAL BOUNDARY ISSUE
            • Six Countries
              • China
              • Laos
              • Vietnam
              • Thailand
              • Myanmar (Burma)
              • CASE STUDY : MEKONG RIVER
                • South China Sea
              • Cambodia
                • Fisherman
                  • 2 million tonnes per year
                    • Relies heavily on wild protein
                  • Unhappy
                    • smaller
                    • few fish each year
                  • DAMS
                    • ANSWER OR  PROBLEM
                      • NEGATIVES
                        • MANWAN DAM (CHINA)
                          • displace 25000 people
                            • Large lake behind DAM
                        • displace 25000 people
                          • Large lake behind DAM
                        • Stop migration of fish
                          • fish cannot spread to lakes on floodplain
                        • Lower River Basin
                          • Income fisherman reduced
                            • water levels dropped
                    • POSITIVES
                      • Jobs - MULTIPLIER EFFECT
                      • reduce flooding downstream
                • seasonal rainfall
                  • SO drought food shortages
                  • SUMMER
                  • Heavy rain - MONSOON
                    • flooding
                      • Positives
                      • Negatives
            • fertile soils for crops
              • SILT
              • FLOOD PLAIN
                • 80% off rice production depends on floods
                  • DAMS Stop flooding
            • Cheap Hydro electric power

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