Deterrence

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  • Created by: rachel
  • Created on: 18-05-13 11:27
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  • Deterence
    • Reductivist (Utilitarian) approach
    • Can this justify prison?
    • People in the riots got 4 years for "inciting disorder via facebook"
      • Lack of consistency across offences - sexual assault and death by drink driving have similar average sentences
      • To make an example of them but interviews with rioters said "we'll steal more/do more next time to make the punishment worth it"
    • There are a lot of factors that influence offenders, e.g. addiction and therefore they may not always consider the punishment
    • There is an expectation that life in prison should be worse than the life for the lowest class of individuals
      • BBC documentary: some offenders think prison is better - gets them drug help quicker and don't have to worry about food etc
      • Roof over head, food and gets to learn skills etc.
    • Many offenders think "I wont get caught"
    • From Bentham onwards - distinction between individual and general detterence.
      • Deterring the offender from offending again. Individual Deterrence.
        • Boot camps don't work - Wilson
        • 'Three strikes and you're out' = little evidence on significant impact on crime Zimring.
          • Someone got a life sentence for his third strike which was stealing a slice of pizza (changed on appeal as unfair - shows it doesn't work)
        • Weisburd: white collar crime - few differences in re arrest rates for those who had been imprisoned and those who hadn't
        • Chambliss: made clear the punishment of parking offences, violation reduced.
      • Deterring other people from committing offences. General Deterrence
        • Hirsch: Who decides how severe a punishment needs to be to deter others? Are we deterred by different things? What about offences with a large degree of emotion? Will the people you're trying to deter, know about the punishment just given?
        • Beyleveld: unless you violate human rights, general deterrence policy will not control the crime rate.
      • Bentham ' The punishment suffered by the offender presents to every one an example of what he himself will have to suffer, if he is guilty of the same offence'

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